A Comparative Study to Assess Knowledge, Attitude and Practices among Cases of Recently Diagnosed Diabetes and Known Cases of Diabetes
Keywords:Knowledge, attitude, practice, diabetes, education, information guide sheet, sociodemographic
A good knowledge of disease management is necessary in promoting health. Diabetes Mellitus is a major health problem with individual, social and economical consequences. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) surveys are effective in providing a baseline for evaluating intervention programs. This is a comparative study to assess KAP among case of recently diagnosed diabetes and known case of diabetes. A cross-sectional survey comprising of 112 patients (56-recently diagnosed and 56-known cases) was conducted in Sri Ramachandra Hospital and volunteers from the community for a period of three months. A structured closed ended questionnaire for KAP on DM with demographic information was formulated. A pilot study was conducted to compute the scoring of adequate >75, moderately adequate 50-75, inadequate <50. The collected data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The mean age was 49.2±8.4 years and BMI 25.41±4.82 kg/m².Mean score of knowledge in known cases, 12±2, was comparatively higher than recently diagnosed diabetes (10±3). Mean score of attitude in known cases, 13±2, was comparatively higher than recently diagnosed diabetes (11±4). Mean score of attitude in known cases, 10±2, was comparatively higher than recently diagnosed diabetes (9±3). Significance was shown between both knowledge and socio- demographic data in the known cases and attitude practice with socio-demographic data in recently diagnosed diabetes. When KAP was compared between the two groups, known cases had a higher score. They had good knowledge and attitude but poor practices related to diabetes than recently diagnosed subjects.
How to Cite
All the articles published in IJND are distributed under a creative commons license. The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright of their work (all usages allowed except for commercial purpose).
Please contact us at email@example.com for permissions related to commercial use of the article(s).
Diabetes mellitus: Health and wealth threat, Int. J. Diabet. Mellitus, 2009, 1, 42-42.
Herath, H.M.M., Weerasinghe, N.P., Dias, H. and Weerarathna,T.P. Knowledge, attitude and practice related to diabetes mellitus among the general public in Galle district in Southern Sri Lanka: A pilot study. BMC Public Health, 2017, 17, 535.
Nithesh Kumar, K., Sushma Katkuri, I. and Ramyacharitha. A study to assess prevalence of diabetes mellitus and its associated risk factors among adult residents of rural Khammam.Int. J. Commun. Med. Public Health, 2018, 5, 4.
Kaveeshwar, S.A. and Cornwall, J. The current status of diabetes mellitus in India. Australia Med. J., 2014, 7, 45–48.
Federation IDF Diabetes Atlas sixth. International Diabetes Federation, 2013, 7-11.