Paper Flower, Bougainvillea spectabilis: Update Properties of Traditional Medicinal Plant


  • Mahidol University, Salaya Campus, Mahidol University International College, Nakhon Pathom, 73170, Thailand
  • Mahidol University, Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Science, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand


Paper Flower, Bougainvillea spectabilis is reported to have medicinal values including anticancer, antidiabetic, anti-hepatotoxic, anti-inflammatory, antihyperlipidemic, antimicrobial, antioxidant and antiulcer properties. The phytoconstituents such as alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides, phenolics, phlobotannins, quinones, saponins, tannins and terpenoids were reported as the basis of therapeutic properties. The other important constituents which contribute to the remedial properties are bougainvinones, pinitol, quercetagetin, quercetin and terpinolene. Published information on these update properties of B. spectabilis was gathered by the use of different database platforms, including Google Scholar, Science Direct, PubMed, SciFinder and Scopus. This review article has attempted to suggest B. spectabilis, to be one of the choices in the traditional medicinal plant.


Bougainvillea spectabilis, Paper Flower, Property, Traditional Medicinal Plant

Subject Discipline

Pharmacy and Pharmacology

Full Text:


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