Exposure to Cell Phone Radiations Produces Biochemical Changes in Worker Honey Bees
Keywords:<i>Apis mellifera</i>, biomolecules, cell phone radiations, hemolymph
AbstractThe present study was carried out to find the effect of cell phone radiations on various biomolecules in the adult workers of Apis mellifera L. The results of the treated adults were analyzed and compared with the control. Radiation from the cell phone influences honey bees' behavior and physiology. There was reduced motor activity of the worker bees on the comb initially, followed by en masse migration and movement toward ''talk mode'' cell phone. The initial quiet period was characterized by rise in concentration of biomolecules including proteins, carbohydrates and lipids, perhaps due to stimulation of body mechanism to fight the stressful condition created by the radiations. At later stages of exposure, there was a slight decline in the concentration of biomolecules probably because the body had adapted to the stimulus.
Carlo G. Radiation is killing the bees, despite the cell phone industry's disformation. Available from: http:// buergerwelle.de/ pdf/radiation-is-killing-the-bees.htm [Last accessed on 2007].
Sawhney SK, Singh R. Estimation of total carbohydrates by anthrone reagent method. Introductory practical Biochemistry. New Delhi, India: Chand publishers; 2000. p. 14-5.
Seifter S, Seymour S, Novic E, Muntwyler E. Determination of glycogen with anthrone reagent. Vol. 3. Amsterdam: Methods Enzymol; 1950. p. 35-6.
Somogyi M, Nelson N. A photometric adaptation of the Somogyi method for the determination of glucose. J Biol Chem 1945;153:375-9.
Fringes CS, Dunn RT. A colorimetric method for determination of total serum lipids based on the sulphophospho-vanillin reaction. American J Clin Pathol 1970;53:89-91.
Zlatki's A, Zak B, Boyle AJ. A new method for direct determination of serum cholesterol. J Lab Clin Med 1953;41:486-98.
Lowry OH, Rosenbrough NJ, Farr AI, Randall RJ. Protein measurement with the folin phenol reagent. J Biol Chem 1951;193:265-75.
Boscol P, Di Sciascio MB, D' Ostillo S, Del Signore A, Reale M, Conti P, et al. Effects of electromagnetic fields produced by radio television broadcasting stations on the immune system of women. Sci Total Environ 2001;273:1-10.
Cartensen EL. Biological effects of transmission line fields. Bioelectromagnetics 1987;8:456-67.
Sharma A. Biochemical changes in Apis mellifera L. Worker Brood Induced by Cell Phone Radiation. M Phil. Thesis, Department of Zoology. Chnadigarh India: Punjab University Chnadigarh; 2008.