Effect of Silver Nanoparticles on Antioxidant Enzymes of Zebrafish, Danio rerio

Jump To References Section


  • P.G. and Research Department of Zoology, B.P. Arts, Science and Commerce College, Affiliated to KBC, North Maharashtra University, Jalgaon, Chalisgaon – 424101, Maharashtra ,IN




Antioxidant Enzymes, Danio rerio, Nanotoxicology, Silver Nanoparticles (AgNPs)


The objective of the present study was to know the effect of Silver nanoparticle on antioxidant enzymatic activities in selected tissues of the Zebrafish, Danio rerio. For the chronic toxicity study adult fish, Danio rerio were divided in to two groups. First group was experimental group in which fish were consecutively treated with a graded series of 0.3, 0.6, 0.9 mg/l an average 60 nm PVP coated AgNPs. Treatment was given for 21 days at the end of experimental period. Superoxide Dismutase (SOD), Catalase (CAT) and Glutathione Peroxidase (GPx) in gill, liver and muscle tissues were assayed. The levels of Catalase (CAT), was found to be decreased were as the Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) and Glutathione Peroxidase (GPx) were found to be increased significantly in gill, liver and muscle tissue of AgNPs treated fish.


Download data is not yet available.



How to Cite

Shelke, A. D. (2022). Effect of Silver Nanoparticles on Antioxidant Enzymes of Zebrafish, <i>Danio rerio</i>. Toxicology International, 27(3&amp;4), 93–100. https://doi.org/10.18311/ti/2020/v27i3&4/25048



Research Articles
Received 2020-03-18
Accepted 2020-08-24
Published 2022-08-12



Weiss C, Diabate S. A special issue on nanotoxicology. Arch Toxicol. 2011; 85:705–6. https://doi/10.1007/ s00204-011-0707-0

Rather MA. Sharma R, Aklakur M, Ahmad S, Kumar N, Khan M, Ramya VL. Nanotechnology: A novel tool for aquaculture and fisheries development: a prospective mini-review. Fisheries and Aquaculture Journal. 2011; FAJ-16.

Foth H, Stewart JD, Gebel T, Bolt HM. Safety of nanomaterials. Arch Toxicol. 2012; 86:983–4. PMid: 22733142. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00204-012-0889-0

Pulit-Prociak J, Banach M. Silver nanoparticles a material of the futu? Open Chem. 2016; 14:76–91. https://doi.org/10.1515/chem-2016-0005

Al-Sid-Cheikh M, Rouleau C, Bussolaro D, Oliveira Ribeiro CA, Pelletier E. Tissue distribution of radiolabeled 110 m Ag Nanoparticles in Fish: Arctic Charr (Salvelinus alpinus). Environ Sci Technol. 2019; 53:12043–53. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.9b04010

McGillicuddy E, Murray I, Shevlin D, Morrisson L, Cormican M, Fogarty A. Cummins E. Dockery E, Dunlop P, Rowan NJ. Detection toxicology, environmental fate and risk assessment of nanoparticles in the aquatic environment (DeTER); Report No. 259; Washington, DC, USA: Environmental Protection Agency; 2018.

Monfared AL, Soltani S. Effects of silver nanoparticles administration on the liver of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss): Histological and biochemical studies. Eur J Exp Biol. 2013; 3:285–9.

Saddick S, Afifi M, Abu-Zinada OA. Effect of zinc nanoparticles on oxidative stress-related genes and antioxidant enzymes activity in the brain of Oreochromis niloticus and Tilapia zillii. Saudi J Biol Sci. 2015; 021.

Hawkins AD, Thornton C, Kennedy AJ, Bu K, Cizdziel J, Jones BW, Steevens JA, Willett KL. Gill histopathologies following exposure to nanosilver or silver nitrate. J Toxicol. Environ Health Part A.2015; 78:301–15. https://doi.org/10.1080/15287394.2014.971386

Li Y, Zhang W, Niu, Chen Y. Surface-coating-dependent dissolution, aggregation and Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) generation of silver nanoparticles under different irradiation conditions. Environmental Science and Technology. 2013; 47:10293–301. PMid: 23952964. https://doi.org/10.1021/es400945v

Hou JL, Shuo G, Grozova L. Reduction of silver nanoparticle toxicity by sulfide. Adv. Mater. Lett, 2013; 4:131-133. https://doi.org/10.5185/amlett.2012.8413

Akter M, Sikder MT, Rahman MM, Ullah A, Hossain KFB, Banik S. A systematic review on silver nanoparticles-induced cytotoxicity: Physicochemical properties and perspectives. J Adv Res. 2018; 9:1–16.


Ahamed M, Posgai R, GoreyTJ, Nielsen M, Hussain SM, Rowe JJ. Silver nanoparticles induced heat shock protein 70, oxidative stress and apoptosis in Drosophila melanogaster. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2010; 242:263–9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.taap.2009.10.016

Kanungo J, Cuevas E, Ali SF, Paule MG. Zebrafish model in drug safety assessment. Current Pharmaceutical Design. 2014; 20(34):5416–29. https://doi.org/10.2174/ 1381612820666140205145658

Santoriello C, Zon LI. Hooked! Modeling human disease in zebrafish. The Journal of Clinical Investigation. 2012; 122(7):2337–43. https://doi.org/10.1172/JCI60434

OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development). Guideline for the Testing of Chemicals: Fish, Acute Toxicity Test, Document 203. Paris, France: OECD; 1992.

Henglein A. Colloidal silver nanoparticles: Photochemical preparation and interaction with O2, CCl4 and Some Metal Ions. Chemistry of Materials. 1998; 10(1):444–50. https://doi.org/10.1021/cm970613j

Bacchetta C, Rossi A, Ale A, Campana M, Parma MJ, Cazenave J. Combined toxicological effects of pesticides: A fish multi-biomarker approach. Ecol Indic. 2014; 36:532–8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2013.09.016

Sinha AK. Colorimetric assay of catalase. Anal Biochem. 1972; 47:389–94. https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-2697(72) 90132-7

Das K, Samanta L, Chainy GBN. A modified spectrophotometric assay of Superoxide Dismutase using nitrite formation by superoxide radicals. Indian Journal of Biochemistry and Biophysics. 2000; 37:201–4.

Rotruck JT, Pope AL, Ganther HE, Swanson AB, Hafeman DG, Hoekstra WG. Selenium: Biochemical role as a component of glutathione peroxidase. Science. 1973; 179:588–90. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.179.4073.588

Halliwell B, Gutteridge JMC. Free radicals in biology and medicine. 4th Ed. New York: Oxford University Press; 2007.

Das JS, Ravikanth VV, Sujatha M. Nitric oxide as a major risk factor for oxidative stress in coronary artery disease: A preliminary investigation. Sci and Cult. 2010; 76(5- 6):174–5.

Handy RD, Henry TB, Scown TM, Johnston BD, Tyler CR. Manufactured nanoparticles: Their uptake and effects on fish - a mechanistic analysis. Ecotoxicology. 2008; 17:396. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10646-008-0205-1

Patra RC, Rautray AK, Swarup D. Oxidative stress in lead and cadmium toxicity and its amelioration. Vete Medi Intern. 2011. Doi. 10.4061/2011/457327. https://doi.org/10.4061/2011/457327

EwaBrucka-Jastrzebaska. The effect of aquatic cadmium and lead pollution on lipid peroxidation and Superoxide Dismutase activity in freshwater fish. Polish J of Enviro Stud. 2010; 19(6):1139–50.

Gill SS, Tuteja N. Reactive oxygen species and antioxidant machinery in abiotic stress tolerance in crop plants. Plant Physiol Biochem. 2010; 48:909–30. https:// doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2010.08.016

Karuppanapandian T, Moon JH, Kim C, Manoharan K, Kim W. Reactive oxygen species in plants: Their generation, signal transduction and scavenging mechanisms. Australian J Crop Sci. 2011; 5(6):709–25.

Ghafourifar P, Cadenas E. Mitochondrial nitric oxide synthase. Trends in Pharmacological Sciences. 2005; 26(4):190–5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tips.2005.02.005

Brigelius"Flohe R, Kelly FJ, Salonen JT, Neuzil J, Zingg JM, Azzi A. The European perspective on vitamin E: Current knowledge and future research. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2002; 76(4):703–16. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/76.4.703

Lushchak VI. Environmentally induced oxidative stress in aquatic animals. Aquat Toxicol. 2011; 101:13–30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquatox.2010.10.006

Van Der Oost R, Beyer J, Vermeulen NPE. Fish bioaccumulation and biomarkers in environmental risk assessment: A review. Environ Toxicol Pharmacol. 2003; 13:57–149. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1382-6689(02)00126-6