Acute High Dose Toxicity of 1,4-Dioxane Following Occupational Exposure - A Clinical and an Autopsy Perspective
Keywords:1, 4-Dioxane, Renal Cortical Necrosis, Centrilobular Hepatic Necrosis.
Abstract1,4-Dioxane is a cyclic ether with a molecular formula of C4H8O2. It is used as a solvent and degreasing agent in industries like textile, paints, varnishes, oil, dyes etc. Occupational exposure can occur in the industrial workers. Absorption of 1,4-Dioxane usually occurs by inhalation, oral or dermal routes. Exposure to high doses is associated with severe kidney and liver damage. We report a fatal case of acute high dose toxicity of 1,4-Dioxane following occupational exposure. The deceased was exposed to the chemical while washing large industrial tanks containing 1,4-Dioxane. Autopsy examination revealed extensive renal cortical necrosis, centrilobular hepatic necrosis, pulmonary oedema and intra-alveolar haemorrhages. This case had medico-legal implications and a lawsuit was filed by the family of the deceased to get compensation for death due to occupational exposure.
Download data is not yet available.
How to Cite
Ohri, D. R., & Fernandes, G. C. (2016). Acute High Dose Toxicity of 1,4-Dioxane Following Occupational Exposure - A Clinical and an Autopsy Perspective. Toxicology International, 23(2), 199–201. Retrieved from https://www.informaticsjournals.com/index.php/toxi/article/view/20362