Impact of Sewage Effluents on Osmoregulation in a Freshwater Teleost, Anabas testudineus
Keywords:Sewage Effluents, Na /K ATPase, Ca2 ATPase, Chloride Cells, Pavement Cells.
AbstractThis study investigated the impact of sewage effluents of the polluted river, Parvathyputhenar in Trivandrum city, Kerala, India, on the activities of osmoregulatory enzymes such as Na+/K+ and Ca2+ ATPases, the concentration of sodium and potassium ion content in the gill and on the chloride cells (CCs) and pavement cells (PCs) that regulate ions transport in the gill epithelium of a freshwater fish. The results indicate a significant (P<0.05) decrease in the activity of branchial Na+/K+ ATPase and Ca2+ ATPase in the fish exposed to sewage effluents for 7, 14 and 28 days and the fish caught from the polluted river. When the fish caught from the polluted river were kept in normal pond water in the laboratory for 30, 60 and 90 days, the enzyme's activities were gradually increased and almost restored to the control level. Scanning electron microscopic analysis of gill epithelium showed noticeable changes in the surface area morphology of CCs and PCs in the fish exposed to sewage effluents. Exposure to the sewage effluents drastically altered the size and characteristic "finger print" pattern of PCs and also reduced number of CCs in the gill epithelium. As the ATPases play an important role in maintenance of functional integrity of gill epithelium it is suggested that measurement of the activities of ATPases may be used as a biomarker of exposure to sewage effluents. This work is highly pertinent in the context of increased level and effect of endocrine disrupting chemicals present in the aquatic systems, which are increasing day by day.
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Binitha, R. N., Soorya, S. R., Aruna Devi, C., & Sunny, F. (2011). Impact of Sewage Effluents on Osmoregulation in a Freshwater Teleost, <i>Anabas testudineus</i>. Journal of Endocrinology and Reproduction, 15(1-2), 27–36. Retrieved from https://www.informaticsjournals.com/index.php/jer/article/view/1979