Instructions to Authors
Prepare your Manuscript for Online Submission as indicated below. These standards are necessary for peer-reviewing.
- Submitted papers should be in English Language.
- Manuscript should be submitted as a MS word Document.
- Manuscript should be prepared as per journal guidelines.
- All papers are subjected to scientific peer review.
- All papers must be submitted online after registering as author.
Standards for submission
- Name, Address, Email id, Mobile No. of the Author for Correspondence.
- The letter should mention in brief what is already known about this subject and what new has added by the submitted work.
- Title of the paper.
- Authors' initials and names.
- An abstract (not exceeding 10 lines) which should be most informative, giving clear indications of the nature and range of the results contained in the paper, and should not duplicate the conclusions.
- 3 to 4 keywords.
There is no restriction on length of manuscript. However a concise manuscript with all information is always well appreciated.
Abbreviations to be defined where they first appear in the text.
Please follow the correct and accepted Nomenclature
Indicate SI units directly or in Parantheses after the value.
Provide the Recommended International Non-Proprietary Name (rINN).
Mention species names in Italics. The Genus and Species name should be mentioned in Full, in title as well as wherever the organism name is first mentioned. After the first mention, the first letter of the Genus name followed by the Full species name is used.
For Genetic Nomenclatures, please refer to the recommended name by consulting the Genetic Nomenclature database.
Genes, mutations, genotypes, and alleles Write in italics. Use the recommended name by consulting the appropriate genetic nomenclature database (e.g., HUGO for human genes). It is sometimes advisable to indicate the synonyms for the gene the first time it appears in the text. Gene prefixes such as those used for oncogenes or cellular localization should be shown in roman typeface (e.g., v-fes, c-MYC).
All original research articles should be structured in the following manner.
The title should be concise and reflect the entire work of the submitted manuscript.
Below the title, all author names should be mentioned along with Affiliation of each author.
1. Affiliation details should include-
- City with Pincode
- Country for all authors
2. Each author’s affiliation should be identified by a superscript small numeral.
3. Author for correspondence should be indicated by an asterisk.
4. Provide full address including e-mail, fax, and telephone number of Author for correspondence.
Abstracts need not be in structured format. However, it should clearly state
- The purpose of the work.
- Methods used.
- Key findings and major conclusion drawn from the work in no more than 500 words.
- Use of abbreviations in abstract should be avoided however if essential should be expanded at its first appearance.
The author should provide 3 to 6 keywords, characterizing the scope of the paper, Keywords should be written in title case and separated by comma. Avoid general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of').
Authors to number the headings in Arabic Style Eg: 1, 2….
- Headings should be in title case, meaning that all words except for prepositions, articles, and conjunctions should be capitalized.
- All botanical names should be in italics.
For example: 1. Finite Element Modelling (FEM)
1.1 Model Description
Botanical Name: Ulam Herbs of Oenanthe javanica and Cosmos caudatus: an overview on their Medicinal Properties
State the background and mention clearly the objective of the present work.
All methods used should be clearly mentioned. This will allow other researchers to reproduce your work. Wherever required, give correct formula used for calculation of the results.
Results obtained in the study should be subjected to appropriate statistical methods and presented clearly. The findings should never be discussed in this section.
It should have rationale and be of relevance to the present study along with the existing literature. Discuss the lacuna in the area and to how much extent the present study has answered the research question and provide directions for further research. Please avoid repeating the Results of your studies under this section.
Give the major conclusion from the present study. This section may stand alone or be clubbed together with discussion.
Acknowledge those persons who helped you in the present study by providing facilities, personal assistance and funding if any.
Footnotes are not permitted. If the manuscript contains footnotes, move them into the text and references as per the content.
DHARANA - Bhavan's International Journal of Business follows the Vancouver style of referencing.
- References within the text of the article should be represented by numbers and should be superscripted.
- The number originally assigned to a reference should be re-used if that reference is cited again later in the text.
- In case of multiple references, separate the numbers with a hyphen. E.g. 2-5, or commas in case of non-inclusive numbers E.g. 3, 9, 14.
- As a general rule, reference numbers should be placed outside of full-stops and commas, and inside of colons and semicolons.
E.g. Hoppert M. Microscopic techniques in biotechnology. Weinheim:Wiley-VCH; 2003. Gillespie NC, Lewis RJ, Pearn JH, Bourke ATC, Holmes MJ, Bourke JB, et al. Ciguatera in Australia: occurrence, clinical features, pathophysiology and management. Med J Aust. 1986;145:584-90.
- References which are cited in the text should be mentioned here.
- It should appear at the end of your text.
- It should be arranged numerically by citation number.
- Elements of the Citation: Author(s) – Family name and initials. Title of article. Title of journal – abbreviated. Publication year, month, day (month & day only if available); volume(issue):pages.
E.g. 10. Halpern HD, Yadav GA, Caplan KL. Treatment of human brucellosis: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. BMJ. 2005 Mar 24;336(7646):701-4.
- Elements of the Citation: Author(s) – Family name and initials, Multiple authors separated by a comma. Title of book. Place of Publication: Publisher Name; Year of Publication.
E.g. McKenna DJ, Jones K, Hughes K. Social care practice in rural communities. New York: Oxford University Press; 2000.
- Elements of the Citation: Author(s) – Family name and initials, Multiple authors separated by a comma. In name of book editors followed by a comma and editors. Title of book. Edition of book if later than 1st ed. Place of Publication: Publisher Name; Year of Publication.
E.g. Rowlands TE, Haine LS. Acute limb ischaemia. In: Donnelly R, London NJM, editors. ABC of arterial and venous disease. 2nd ed. West Sussex. Blackwell Publishing; 2009.
- Tables should be numbered consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text.
- They should be embedded in appropriate locations as per the text along with the captions.
- Place Legends for tables below the table body and indicate them with lowercase letters in superscript.
- Avoid vertical rules and ensure that the data presented in tables do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article.
- Please note that tables embedded as Excel files within the manuscript are NOT accepted.
- Tables in Excel should be copied and pasted into the manuscript Word file.
- These must be numbered and cited in the text.
- Mark clearly in the margin of the manuscript where the figure is to be inserted and do not embed in the text.
- All figures should be in TIFF.
- Images provided should be with below mentioned resolutions:
Black & White Images - 900 dpi Coloured Images - 600 dpi Line art-grey colour - 600 dpi
- Photo resolution should be minimum 300 dpi.
- Histograms should be presented in a simple, two-dimensional format, with no background grid.
- Do not supply figures of low resolution.
- Supply figure captions separately and not attached to the figure.
- The legends should be provided along with the figures.
h. Overview of Production Process