Historical Perspectives of Nutrition Science: Insights from Ayurveda


Affiliations

  • BHU, Department of Kriya Sharir, Faculty of Ayurveda, IMS, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, 221005, India
  • Department of Kriya Sharir, Faculty of Ayurveda, IMS, BHU, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, 221005, India

Abstract

Nutrition is the science that interprets the interaction of food in relation to maintenance, growth, health and disease of an organism. The history of nutrition science and dietetics can be traced back as far as history of civilization across the world. The food habits, cooking and food processing have been evolved with cultural development of human beings. The ancient physicians from Greek, Hippocrates, Galen, Plato, Chinese civilization and Indian physician of Ayurveda like Charak and Sushruta have duly recognized the importance of diet and dietetics along with physical activity in health and management of various disorders.

Although the advancement in nutrition science has added the discovery of various micronutrients and fortified food substances, still a large number of populations worldwide is suffering from disorders of malnutrition, food-borne diseases, neurotoxins and other non-communicable diseases due to wrong cooking, storage, packaging practices and intake of food in wrong combination. Ayurveda has advocated that to get the optimum benefits from the consumed food (Aahara), people should give due consideration to their psychosomatic constitution (Prakriti), state of digestive power (Agni), age, dietary rules, nature and combination of food etc.

It is very surprising fact that scientific development of nutrition science was started in between 18th and 19th century, but the researchers and academicians working in the field of nutrition and medicinal health science have not incorporated the valuable, time tested knowledge of Ayurveda, which could be applied for development of nutrition science, and will be helpful in treatment of diseases and maintenance of health too.


Keywords

Aahara, Ayurveda, Dietetics, Nutraceutical, Nutrigenomics, Nutrition.

Subject Discipline

Ayurveda

Full Text:

References

Cannon G. The rise and fall of dietetics and of nutrition science. 4000 BCE–2000 CE. 2005; 8: 701–5.

Roggi C, Centrale O, Cena H, Roggi C, Lucchin L, Turconi G. Health nutrition practice in Italy. Nut Rev. 2010 Sep; 68(9): 556–63.

Koleilat M. Dietetic practice: The past, present and future. East Mediterr Health J. 2004 Nov; 10(6):716–30.

Skiadas PK, Lascaratos JG. Original Communication Dietetics in ancient Greek philosophy: Plat ‘s concepts of healthy diet. 2001. p. 532–7.

Manyam V. Food, dietetics and nutrition in ancient India. Bull Ind Inst Hist Med. 1995; 25: 79–99.

Beginnings and Early Civilizations (10,000–1000 BCE). 2017. p. 1–5.

Garn SM, Leonard WR. What did our ancestors eat? Nutr Rev. 1989; 47(11): 337–45.PMid: 2689923. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1753-4887.1989.tb02765.x

Swaminathan M. Food and Nutrition. second. Bangalore: The Bangalore Printing and Publishing Co., Ltd.; 2000. p. 1–5.

Wright R. Periodisation of the Indus Valley Civilisation. 1971. p. 9–14.

Poon L. History of China. Hist China. 2009.

Trivedi RG. RG-Veda-Samhita. Varanasi: Chowkhamba Vidyabhawan Varanasi; 2007. p. 281–2.

Sarkar P, Lohith KDH, Dhumal C, Panigrahi SS, Choudhary R. Traditional and Ayurvedic foods of Indian origin. J Ethn Foods. 2015; 2(3): 97–109. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jef.2015.08.003

Trupti J. Study on viruddha-āhāra and its relevance in causation of diseases. Banaras Hindu University; 2008.

The Introduction Mantras, The They, Atharva Each, Sama Brahmanas, The Samhita, Rgveda.

Pansikar Vashudev Laxaman. Kathopnisat. Ishaghstottarsatopnisadha. Varanasi: Chowkhamba Vidyabhawan Varanasi; p. 4.

Pansikar Vashudev Laxaman. Taittriopnisad, Bhraguvalli. Ishaghstottarsatopnisadha. Varanasi: Chowkhamba Vidyabhawan Varanasi; 2002. p. 26.

Pansikar Vashudev Laxaman. Chandogyopanioad. Ishaghstottarsatopnisadha. Varanasi: Chowkhamba Vidyabhawan Varanasi; 2002. p. 60.

Agrawal MM. Sri Madbhagvad Gita. 7-10 V editor. Delhi: Chaukhambha Sanskrit Pratishthan; p. 766–9.

Nutrition G, Nutrition N, Nutrients N. Lesson 1 : Nurition, History of Nutrition Unit 1:1–4.

Koleilat M, Hwalla N. Dietetic practice: The past, present and future. East Mediterr Heal J. 2004; 10(4): 716–29. PMid: 16335757.

Todhunter E, Darby W. Guidelines for maintaining adequate nutrition in old age. Geriatrics. 1978; 33(6): 49–51. PMid: 648878.

Food and diet in ancient medicine. 2018. p. 2–5.

Sharma PV. Charak Samhita of Agnivesha. Reprint ed. Varanasi: Chaukhambha Orientalia; 2008. p. 166–7.

Singh S. Principle and practice of nutrition and dietetics in Ayurveda. Int J Res Pharm Biosci. 2015; 2(7): 1–7.

Sharma PV. On the type of food and drink: Group of awned cereals. Caraka Samhita. Reprint Ed. Varanasi: Chaukhambha Orientalia, Varanasi; 2008. p. 194.

Sastri K, Chaturvedi GN. Sutrasthanam. Sastri R, editor. Charak Samhita. Varanasi: Chaukhambha Bharati Academy Varanasi; p. 465.

Sharma PV. On the origin of person: Wholesome and unwholesome food. Caraka Samhita. Reprint Ed. Varanasi: Chaukhambha Orientalia, Varanasi; 2008. p. 167.

Sharma PV. Sutrasthana: On quantity of diet. Caraka Samhita. Reprint. Varanasi: Chaukhambha Orientalia; 2008. p. 33.

Sastri A. Sutrasthana. Shushruta Samhita. Reprint. New Delhi: Chaukhambha publication; 2010. p. 82.

Sharma PV. Sutrasthana: On the discussion among atreya, bhadrakapya etc. Caraka Samhita. Reprint. Varanasi: Chaukhambha Orientalia; 2008. p. 190–1.

Sabnis M. Viruddha Ahara: A critical view. Ayu. 2012; 33(3): 332–6. PMid: 23723637 PMCid: PMC3665091. https://doi.org/10.4103/0974-8520.108817

Sastri K, Chaturvedi Gorakha N. Sutrasthana. Charak Samhita. Varanasi: Chaukhambha Bharati Academy Varanasi; p. 521–3.

Veena, Verma V. An appraisal on Ayurvedic diet and dietary intake considerations in view of nutrition science. Indian J Nutr Diet. 2018; 55:88–107. https://doi.org/10.21048/ijnd.2018.55.1.18007

Mishra YC. A text book of Ayurvediya physiology. 1st ed. New Delhi: Chaukhambha Publication; 2008. p. 303.

Sharma PV. Vimanasthanam: On Specific Features of Rasa. Caraka Samhita. Reprint ed. Varanasi: Chaukhambha Orientalia; 2008. p. 305–6.

Sharma PV. Charak Samhita of Agnivesha. Sutrasthana. Reprint ed. Varanasi: Chaukhambha Orientalia; 2008. p. 32.

Sharma PV. Sutrasthana: On non-susppression of urges etc. 32 V, editor. Caraka Samhita. Reprint. Varanasi: Chaukhambha Orientalia, Varanasi; 2008. p. 50.

Tiwari P. Sign/symptoms of pregnancy and antenatal care. Ayurvedic Prasutitantra Evam Striroga. Reprint. Varanasi: Chaukhambha Orientalia; 2009. p. 292–3.

Sharma PV. On principles of procreation in sarirasthanam. Caraka Samhita. reprint ed. Varanasi: Chaukhambha Orientalia; 2008. p. 466.

Tiwari P. Sign/symptoms of pregnancy and antenatal care. Ayurvediya Prasutitantra Evam Striroga. Reprint. Varanasi: Chaukhambha Orientalia; 2009. p. 218–25. PMid: 20049299 PMCid: PMC2800901.

Sharma PV. Sarirasthanam. Caraka Samhita. reprint ed. Varanasi: Chaukhambha Orientalia; 2008. p. 473.

Park K. Nutrition and health. Preventive and Social Medicines. 22th ed. Prem Nagar, Jabalpur; 2013. p. 563.

Banerjee S, Debnath P, Kumar P. Journal of traditional and complementary medicine ayunutrigenomics: Ayurveda inspired personalized nutrition from inception to evidence. J Tradit Chinese Med Sci. 2015; 5(4):228–33.

Srilakshmi B. Nutrition Science. Fifth. New Delhi: New Age International (P) Limited, Publishers; 2016. p. 518–20. PMCid: PMC5206881.

Kalra EK. Nutraceutical-definition and introduction. AAPS PharmSci. 2003; 5(3):E25. PMid: 14621960 PMCid: PMC2750935. https://doi.org/10.1208/ps050325

Srilakshmi B. Nutraceuticals. Food Science. Reprint. New Delhi: New Age International (P) Limited, Publishers; 2016. p. 436–49.

Srilakshmi B. Dietetics. Seventh. New Delhi: New Age International (P) Limited, Publishers; 2014. p. 448–50.

Srilakshmi B. No Title. Dietetics. 7th ed. New Age International (P) Limited, Publishers; 2014. p. 428.

Srivastava RK. Report of the Working Group on Disease Burden for 12th Five Year Plan. New Delhi; 2011.

Park K. Community nutriton progams. Preventive and Social Medicines. 22nd ed. Prem Nagar Jabalpur; 2013. p. 612–4.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.