Assessment of Energy Balance among Indian Women during Pregnancy
FAO/WHO/UNU recommended 1.2 MJ/d extra energy during pregnancy for women who maintained their pre pregnant level of activity. This amounts to 335 MJ for 40 weeks of gestation. This figure is reduced to 235 MJ (0.84 MJ/d) for those who reduce their physical activity below pre pregnant levels. These estimates are based on theoretical costs of protein and fat accumulation in the mother and fetus and for the maintenance of the new tissues. Several studies have shown that energy intake of pregnant women does not increase sufficiently to meet the theoretic needs.
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