Energy Intake and Lifestyle Risk Factors among Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Patients


Affiliations

  • Alva’s College (Mangalore University), Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Moodbidri, Karnataka, 574 227, India
  • Alva’s College (Mangalore University), Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Centre for Postgraduation and Research, Moodbidri, Karnataka, 574 227, India

Abstract

Fatty liver disease is defined as more than 5% of the hepatocytes containing fat or increase in the liver weight due to fat. The most Important contributing factor to non-alcoholic liver disease is dietary habits, life style habits etc., The aim of the study is to find out the associated dietary and life style risk factors of non-alcoholic liver disease. One hundred and fifty hospitalized subjects were selected for treatment of non alcoholic liver disease at Father Muller’s hospital in Mangalore. The required data were collected referring the case record of patients. A structured questionnaire with interview was used during data collection. Diet counseling was given. All the variables were analyzed using SPSS software. The consumption of calories and chiefly the carbohydrates and fats were more than their recommended allowances. Non alcoholic liver disease was more in males than their counterparts (females) and individuals above 45 years were likely to be victims of this disease. Sedentary life style habits had a significant association with non alcoholic liver disease. The study concludes that obesity with sedentary life style, high calorie intake, gender was the major risk factors. It was considerably more common among diabetes of age >40 years. Dyslipidemia was observed mainly in non alcoholic liver patients.

Keywords

Fatty Liver, Liver Disease, Hepatocytes, Dyslipidemia, Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver (NAFLD), Sedentary Life Style.

Full Text:

References

Obika, M., and Noguchi, H. Diagnosis and evaluation of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease Experimental Diabet. Res., 2012, 2012, 145754.

Pande, A. and Pande, v. Clinical profile of patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and its association with metabolic syndrome. Int. J. Advan. Med., 2017, 4, 1111.

Ahmed, I. A., Mikail, M. A. and Mustafa, M. R. Lifestyle interventions for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Saudi J. Biol. Sci., 2019, 26, 1519-1524.

Aller, R., Burgueño, B. G., Sigüenza, R., Fernandez-Rodriguez, C., Fernández, N., Antolín, B. and Garcia, C. Comparative study of overweight and obese patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Rev. Esp. Enferm. Dig., 2019, 111, 256-263.

Guleria, A., Duseja, A., Kalra, N., Das, A., Dhiman, R., Chawla, Y. and Bhansali, A. Patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) have an increased risk of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. Tropical Gastroenterol., 2013, 34, 74-82.

Lima de Melo Portela, C., Alves de Carvalho Sampaio, H., Pereira de Melo, M. L., Ferreira Carioca, A. A., Maia Pinto, F. J. and Pinheiro Machado Arruda, S. Nutritional status, diet and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in elders. Nutricion hospitalaria, 2015, 32, 2038-2045.

Pande, A. and Pande, V. Clinical profile of patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and its association with metabolic syndrome. Int. J. Advan. Med., 2017, 4, 1111.

Zelber Sagi, S., Nitzan Kaluski, D., Goldsmith, R., Webb, M., Zvibel, I., Goldiner, I. and Oren, R. Role of leisure time physical activity in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: A population based study. Hepatol., 2008, 48, 1791-1798.

Perumpail, B. J., Khan, M. A., Yoo, E. R., Cholankeril, G., Kim, D. and Ahmed, A. Clinical epidemiology and disease burden of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. World J. Gastroenterol., 2017, 23, 8263.

Vranešić Bender, D., Nutrizio, M., Jošić, M., Ljubas Kelečić, D., Karas, I., Premužić, M., and Krznarić, Ž. Nutritional status and nutrition quality in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Acta clinica Croatica., 2017, 56, 625-634.

Streba, L. A. M., Vere, C. C., Rogoveanu, I. and Streba, C. T. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, metabolic risk factors and hepatocellular carcinoma: An open question. WJG., 2015, 21, 4103.

Gaharwar, R., Trikha, S., Margekar, S. L., Jatav, O. P. and Ganga, P. D. Study of clinical profile of patients of non alcoholic fatty liver disease and its association with metabolic syndrome. The J. Assoc. Physic.India, 2015, 63, 12-16.

Rayyan, Y. M. and Tayyem, R. F. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and associated dietary and lifestyle risk factors. Diabet. Metabol. Syndrome, 2018, 12, 569-575.

Fan, J. G. and Cao, H. X. Role of diet and nutritional management in non alcoholic fatty liver disease. J. Gastroenterol. Hepatol., 2013, 28, 81-87.

Dyson, J. K., Anstee, Q. M. and McPherson, S. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: A practical approach to diagnosis and staging. Frontline Gastroenterol., 2014, 5, 211-218.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.