Effect of Environmental Exposure of Arsenic on Cattle and Poultry in Nadia District, West Bengal, India


  • West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, India
  • Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Department of Agricultural Statistics, Nadia, West Bengal, India
  • Calcutta National Medical College, Department of Agricultural Statistics, Kolkata, India
  • West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences, Veterinary Medicine and Jurisprudence, India


A study was undertaken to evaluate an alternative source of arsenicosis in human food chain through livestock. Thirty milch cattle and 20 poultry birds along with their eggs were selected randomly from two endemic villages of Nadia district and one nonendemic villages of Hooghly district in West Bengal, India. Milk, feces, urine, and hair samples of cattle and feed materials, such as water and straw, were collected to analyze arsenic status. Arsenic concentration in egg yolk and albumen from poultry eggs and different poultry organs after culling was estimated. Distribution of arsenic in animal body indicates that major portion of arsenic was eliminated through feces, urine, and milk. Poultry egg yolk, albumen, and poultry products retain arsenic in all organs. Cows and poultry birds reared in endemic zone retain significantly higher concentration of arsenic. Consumption of egg, agricultural produces grown in contaminated soil, and milk might have produced arsenicosis and may be considered as alternative source of arsenic contamination.


Arsenic, cattle, poultry, residue

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