Evaluation of Factors Contributing to Excessive Nitrate Accumulation in Fodder Crops Leading to Ill-Health in Dairy Animals

Authors

  • P. K. Sidhu Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Science, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences, University, Ludhiana, Punjab
  • G. K. Bedi Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Science, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences, University, Ludhiana, Punjab
  • Meenakshi . Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Science, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences, University, Ludhiana, Punjab
  • V. Mahajan Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Science, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences, University, Ludhiana, Punjab
  • S. Sharma Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Science, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences, University, Ludhiana, Punjab
  • K. S. Sandhu Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Science, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences, University, Ludhiana, Punjab
  • M. P. Gupta Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Science, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences, University, Ludhiana, Punjab

Keywords:

Dairy animals, fertilizers, fodder crops, nitrate

Abstract

A study was conducted to estimate nitrate content in commonly used fodder crops, viz., berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum), bajra (Pennisetum glaucum), maize (Zea mays), oats (Avena sativa), sorghum (Sorghum vulgare) and toriya (Brassica napus), collected from the fields of different villages of Punjab and farms of the university, and to evaluate the factors associated with nitrate accumulation in these crops. The nitrate level was highest in sorghum on dry matter basis, followed by oats and toriya, berseem, maize and bajra. The nitrate content was also determined in fodder samples harvested from young and mature stages and in different parts of plants. The stem part of forages had higher content than leaves; however, concentrations were low in mature crops as compared to immature ones. The environmental and soil factors associated with it are discussed and correlated with the experimental findings.

References

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Published

2018-05-21

How to Cite

Sidhu, P. K., Bedi, G. K., ., M., Mahajan, V., Sharma, S., Sandhu, K. S., & Gupta, M. P. (2018). Evaluation of Factors Contributing to Excessive Nitrate Accumulation in Fodder Crops Leading to Ill-Health in Dairy Animals. Toxicology International, 18(1), 22–26. Retrieved from https://www.informaticsjournals.com/index.php/toxi/article/view/21284

Issue

Section

Original Research