Bioactivity of Lantana camara Flowers: Antilithiatic and Nephroprotective Implications in Male Wistar Rats

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  • Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, KL College of Pharmacy, Koneru Lakshmaiah Educational Foundation, Guntur - 522502, Andhra Pradesh ,IN
  • Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, KL College of Pharmacy, Koneru Lakshmaiah Educational Foundation, Guntur - 522502, Andhra Pradesh ,IN
  • Department of Pharmacy, Vijaya College of Pharmacy, Munuganoor, Hayatnagar, Hyderabad - 501511, Telangana ,IN



Folk Medicine, Gentamicin, Nephrolithiasis, Nephroprotection, Verbenaceae


Lantana camara is a well-known medicinal plant with various reported therapeutic compounds. This study explores the antilithiatic and nephroprotective effects of Lantana camara flower hydroalcoholic extract. Using animal models and cell culture, we assessed its impact on ethylene glycol-induced nephrolithiasis and gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity. The ethylene glycol-induced nephrolithiasis model revealed elevated levels of calcium, phosphate, and oxalate, indicating the formation of calculi. Treatment with the hydroalcoholic extract resulted in a significant decrease in uric acid levels, reducing the likelihood of calculi formation. Additionally, the animals treated with the extract showed reduced levels of urea, and creatinine, indicating improved kidney function. The results highlighted the notable difference between the preventive and curative treatments. In the HEK-293 cell culture, the hydroalcoholic extract demonstrated a significant inhibition of abnormal cell morphology induced by gentamicin, a nephrotoxic drug. The extract also exhibited a marked improvement in cell growth compared to the standard treatment. The findings of this study provide substantial evidence supporting the antilithiatic and nephroprotective effects of the hydroalcoholic extract of Lantana camara flowers. The extract effectively reduced the risk of calculi formation, improved renal parameters, and demonstrated potential in mitigating drug-induced nephrotoxicity. These results validate the traditional claims regarding the efficacy of Lantana camara as a therapeutic agent for kidney-related disorders. The hydroalcoholic extract of Lantana camara flowers could serve as a valuable alternative treatment option, offering potential benefits in the management of lithiasis and nephrotoxicity.


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How to Cite

Arra, K., Pasupula, R., & Singireddy, A. (2024). Bioactivity of <i>Lantana camara</i> Flowers: Antilithiatic and Nephroprotective Implications in Male Wistar Rats. Journal of Natural Remedies, 24(4), 803–815.



Research Articles
Received 2023-09-19
Accepted 2024-02-20
Published 2024-04-30



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