Effect of Zamzam Water Extract of Curcuma zedoaria Treatment on Apoptosis, p53 and Bcl2 Protein Expression of T47D Cell Culture


Affiliations

  • Sultan Agung Islamic University, Department of Chemistry, Medical Faculty, Central Java Tengah, 50112, Indonesia
  • Sultan Agung Islamic University, Department of Biochemistry, Semarang, Central Java, 50112, Indonesia
  • Sultan Agung Islamic University, Department of Anatomy, Medical Faculty, Central Java, 50112, Indonesia

Abstract

Introduction: People worldwide drink Zamzam water either medicinally or religiously. However, the effect of zamzam water extract of CZ in breast cancer cells remains unclear. Objective: To evaluate the zamzam water extract of CZ effect on cell apoptosis, p53 and Bcl2 protein expression in T47 D cells line culture. Methods: In the control group design, 16 Wells which was filled with T47 D cell line culture in the density of 5 × 104/100 μl, were assigned into 4 groups. Control group (C-G), were only filled with T47D cell line culture; Zamzam 50 (ZZ-50); Zamzam 100 (ZZ-100), and Zamzam 500 (ZZ-500) groups, were filled with T47D cell line cultures and 50, 100, and 500 μg/ml zamzam water extract of CZ respectively, and then incubated for 48 hours. The number of apoptotic cell was counted by flow cytometry, while p53 and Bcl2 measured by immunohistochemistry staining method. Results: Mann Whitney analysis indicated that the percentage of apoptotic cell and p53 protein expression in ZZ-100 was significant higher compared to that of C-G (p < 0.05). In contrary the percentage number of Bcl2 protein expression in ZZ100-G was significantly lower when compared to that of C-G (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Treatment of zamzam water extract of CZ on T47D cell line cultured was capable of increasing the number of apoptotic cells, p53 protein expression, but decreased Bcl2 protein expression in T47D cell line culture. However the numbers of apoptotic cells were less than 10%.

Keywords

Apoptosis, Breast Cancer, Chemoprevention, Flavonoids, p53 Mutan.

Subject Discipline

biochemistry and mollecular biology

Full Text:

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