Analysing Slope Stability in Response to Blast-Induced Dynamic Loading by Pseudo-Static Approach

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  • Department of Mining Engineering, Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur - 440010 ,IN
  • Department of Mining Engineering, Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur - 440010 ,IN
  • Department of Mechanical Engineering, Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur - 440010 ,IN



Blasting, Critical Slip Surface, Near Field Monitoring, Pseudo-Static Approach, Seismic Coefficient, Seismic Coefficient Ratio, Slope Stability


Regular blasting in opencast coal mines generates significant ground vibrations, impacting mine slope stability and posing risks to life and property. This study focuses on monitoring ground vibrations in an opencast coal mine through near-field monitoring and investigating the impact of blast-induced seismic loading on slope stability. The approach involves a pseudostatic method utilising Strength Reduction Factor (SRF), based on Finite Element (FE) numerical modelling software. The study examines a pit slope with a tension crack under seismic loading, varying the intensity of seismic coefficients (Ks) from 0 to 0.5. These coefficients are determined through field vibration monitoring during production blasts. In numerical modelling, seismic loading is considered in both horizontal (outward of slope face) and vertically downward (in-line with gravity). Numerical modelling incorporates dimensionless horizontal seismic coefficient (Kh) and vertical seismic coefficient (Kv), and both directions which is expressed as Seismic Coefficient Ratio (SCR) which is the ratio of Kv and Kh for interpretation of results. Although SCR induces changes in the Factor of Safety (FoS), its impact is minimal compared to seismic loading solely in the horizontal direction. Consequently, increasing SCR leads to a decrease in FoS. The study observes that Peak Ground acceleration (PGA) in the longitudinal direction has greater dominance than in the transverse direction. Additionally, the seismic wave in the horizontal direction destabilises the slope more than the corresponding vertical seismic wave. These findings are elucidated in the context of the Critical Slip Surface (CSS).


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How to Cite

Ramana, C. V., Thote, N. R., & Singh, A. K. (2024). Analysing Slope Stability in Response to Blast-Induced Dynamic Loading by Pseudo-Static Approach. Journal of Mines, Metals and Fuels, 72(2), 127–145.
Received 2024-02-04
Accepted 2024-04-02
Published 2024-04-22



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