Effect of Temperature on the Infectivity of Entomopathogenic Nematodes against Shoot Borer (<I>Conogethes punctiferalis</I> Guen.) Infesting Ginger (<I>Zingiber officinale</I> Rosc.)

Authors

  • Division of Crop Protection, ICAR-Indian Institute of Spices Research, Kozhikode (Kerala) 673 012
  • Division of Crop Protection, ICAR-Indian Institute of Spices Research, Kozhikode (Kerala) 673 012
  • Division of Crop Protection, ICAR-Indian Institute of Spices Research, Kozhikode (Kerala) 673 012
  • Division of Crop Protection, ICAR-Indian Institute of Spices Research, Kozhikode (Kerala) 673 012

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18311/jbc/2015/6075

Keywords:

Entomopathogenic Nematodes, Ginger, Shoot Borer, Temperature.

Abstract

The attachment, penetration, infectivity and multiplication of eight native isolates of Entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs), Heterorhabditis sp. (IISR-EPN 01), Steinernema sp. (IISR-EPN 02), Steinernema sp. (IISR-EPN 03), S. carpocapsae (IISR-EPN 06), Oscheius spp. (IISR-EPN 04, 05, and 08) and O. gingeri were tested against larvae of Conogethes punctiferalis at different temperatures viz., 20, 25, 30 and 35°C. The temperature significantly affected attachment, penetration, pathogenicity and multiplication ability of infective juveniles (IJs) of all tested EPNs. Among the test temperatures, maximum mortality of larvae was found at 30°C followed by 25°C, whereas the least mortality was recorded at 20 and 35°C. Maximum number of infective juveniles was multiplied at 30°C, however minimum multiplication was recorded at 35°C. Among the test EPNs, no multiplication of Heterorhabditis sp. (IISR-EPN 01), Steinernema sp. (IISR-EPN 03) and O. gingeri was recorded at 20°C. IJs attached to larvae of C. punctiferalis in higher number after 6 h at 25 and 30°C. Whereas, maximum number of IJs penetrated into C. punctiferalis larvae at 30°C. Therefore, the optimal temperature for infection and development for all promising EPNs was 30°C.

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Published

2016-06-03

How to Cite

Pervez, R., Eapen, S. J., Devasahayam, S., & Jacob, T. K. (2016). Effect of Temperature on the Infectivity of Entomopathogenic Nematodes against Shoot Borer (<I>Conogethes punctiferalis</I> Guen.) Infesting Ginger (<I>Zingiber officinale</I> Rosc.). Journal of Biological Control, 29(4), 187–193. https://doi.org/10.18311/jbc/2015/6075

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Research Articles