Study on Comparative Analysis of Body Composition Changes in Hypothyroidism
Keywords:Fat Free Mass, Fat Percent, Protein Mass, Total Body Water, Thyroxin.
AbstractThyroid is an endocrine gland located below the larynx. The principal thyroid hormones are thyroxin (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). The current study was carried out to investigate the changes in bio compositional parameters among hypothyroid subjects. It was found out that fat free mass (per cent) of normal subjects was significantly higher than hypothyroid subjects in both male and female groups. The mean values of normal and hypothyroid male subjects were 77.26 and 65.24 per cent respectively and 70.15 and 58.15 per cent of female respondents respectively. The fat mass per cent of hypothyroid subjects was significantly higher than the normal subjects whereas, the fat free mass, total body water, protein mass, mineral mass and muscle mass per cent of normal subjects were significantly higher than hypothyroid subjects. There was significant positive correlation (p<0.01) of fat mass per cent and a significant negative correlation (p<0.01) of fat free mass, total body water, protein, mineral and muscle mass (per cent) with hypothyroidism.
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