Comparative Study on Socio-Economic, Somatic and Dietary Status of Elderly People Living in Old Age Home and Community Set Up

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  • Staff Training Unit, University of Agricultural Sciences, Hebbal
  • Staff Training Unit, University of Agricultural Sciences, Hebbal
  • Department of Statistics, GKVK campus, UAS, Bangalore


Aging, Malnutrition, Health Care Needs, Anthropometric, Macro and Micronutrients.


Aging is a natural process. Older people are at a risk of malnutrition, not only because of food insecurity, but also due to various social, physiological and health changes with aging. However, very few studies have been done in developing countries to identify and manage their health care needs. Hence, the present study was taken up to assess the socio-economic, somatic and dietary status of elderly people living in old age home and in community set-up in a small town Virudhunagar, Tamil Nadu with a total of 100 subjects (50 from old age home and 50 community dwelling). A questionnaire was developed to record personal data, socio-economic status and dietary pattern. Maximum percentage of elders in the community life belonged to the age group 66-75 years (44%) whereas, majority of elders (44%) in old age home were in the age group of 76-95 years. The anthropometric measurements were recorded using standard procedures. Majority of the respondents from both old age home (75% M and 42.3% F) and community life (65.2% M and 48.2% F) were found to be in normal BMI range. Dietary intake was based on 24 hour dietary recall method. The percentage adequacy for macro and micronutrient intake was better among community life than old age home respondents except for beta carotene. The overall nutritional status of the community life respondents was better than that of old age home. The study recommended regular assessment of nutritional status of elderly population in maintaining their health status.


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How to Cite

Sumathi, S., Vijayalaxmi, K. G., & Surendra, H. S. (2015). Comparative Study on Socio-Economic, Somatic and Dietary Status of Elderly People Living in Old Age Home and Community Set Up. The Indian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics, 52(3), 318–329. Retrieved from

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