Comparison of Body Composition Assessed by Air Displacement Plethysmography and Skin-Fold Technique in Post Menopausal Women
Keywords:Post Menopausal Women, Body Composition, Body Fat, Skin-Fold, Air Displacement Plethysmography, BodPod, Method Comparison.
AbstractAssessment of body composition is vital in maintaining good health and managing various health problems. The proportion of the components of the body varies with various stages of life. Menopause and associated hormonal changes leads to alterations in body composition. Therefore accurate assessment of body composition in post menopausal women will help in prevention and management of various non-communicable diseases. Many methods are available to assess body composition; however the choice of the methods depends on factors like accuracy, accessibility and cost. The comparison of different methods helps in understanding the relative accuracy of the methods. The present study was conducted with an objective to compare the body composition estimated by Air Displacement Plethysmography (ADP) and skin-fold measurement (SKF) in post menopausal women. Twenty one apparently healthy post menopausal women aged 45-60 years were included in the study. Body composition was assessed using ADP (BodPod, LMI, USA) and SKF (Holtain Calipers, UK) methods to obtain per cent body fat and fat free mass (FFM) and agreement between the methods was assessed using paired t-test and Bland-Altman plots. It was found that there was no significant difference between the body fat per cent (p = 0.83), fat mass (p = 0.78) and fat free mass (p = 0.78) estimated by ADP and SKF. The biases for body fat per cent, fat mass and fat free mass were -0.2 %, -0.1 kg and 0.1 kg respectively. It can be concluded that there is a reasonable agreement between the methods in postmenopausal women.
How to Cite
All the articles published in IJND are distributed under a creative commons license. The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright of their work (all usages allowed except for commercial purpose).
Please contact us at email@example.com for permissions related to commercial use of the article(s).
Forbes, G.B. ‘Human body composition: growth, aging, nutrition, and activity', SpringerVerlag., New York. 1987, 1-7.
Wells, J.C. and Fewtrell, M.S. Measuring body composition. Arch. Dis. Child., 2006, 91, 612-617.
Malina, R.M. Variations in Body Composition Associated with Sex and Ethnicity. In: ‘Human Body Composition' (2nd ed.), Eds. Heymsfield SB, Lohman TG, Wang ZM, and Going SB. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 2005, 271-298.
Aloia, J.F., McGowan, D.M., Vaswani, A.N., Ross, P. and Cohn, S.H. Relationship of menopause to skeletal and muscle mass. AJCN., 1991, 53, 1378-1383.
Heymsfield, S.B., Gallagher, D., Poehlman, E.T., Wolper, C., Nonas, K., Nelson, D. and Wang, Z.M. Menopausal changes in body composition and energy expenditure. Exptl. Gerontol., 1994, 29, 377-389.
Van Loan, M.D. Is dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry ready for prime time in the clinical evaluation of body composition?. AJCN., 1998, 68, 1155-1156.
Lukaski, H.C. Methods for the assessment of human body composition: traditional and new. AJCN., 1987, 46, 537-556.
Hillier, S.E., Beck, L., Petropoulou, A. and Clegg, M.E. A comparison of body composition measurement techniques. J. Hum. Nutr. Dietet., 2014, 27, 626-631.
Maes, H.H., Neale, M.C. and Eaves, L.J. Genetic and environmental factors in relative body weight and human adiposity. Behav. Genet., 1997, 27, 325-351.
Haroun, D., Taylor, S.J., Viner, R.M., Hayward, R.S., Darch, T.S., Eaton, S., Cole, T.J., Wells and J.C. Validation of bioelectrical impedance analysis in adolescents across different ethnic groups. Obesity (Silver Spring)., 2010, 18, 1252-1259.
Gába, A. and Pí¸idalová, M. Age-related changes in body composition in a sample of Czech women aged 18-89 years: a cross-sectional study. Eur. J. Nutr., 2014, 53, 167-176.
McCrory, M.A., Gomez, T.D., Bernauer, E.M. and Molé, P.A. Evaluation of a new air displacement plethysmograph for measuring human body composition. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., 1995, 27, 1686-1691.
Demerath, E.W., Guo, S.S., Chumlea, W.C., Towne, B., Roche, A.F. and Siervogel, R.M. Comparison of per cent body fat estimates using air displacement plethysmography and hydrodensitometry in adults and children. Int. J. Obes. Relat. Metab. Disord., 2002, 26, 389-397.
Kuriyan, R., Thomas, T., Ashok, S., Jayakumar, J. and Kurpad, A.V. A4-compartment model based validation of air displacement plethysmography, dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, skinfold technique & bio-electrical impedance for measuring body fat in Indian adults. Ind. J. Med. Res., 2014, 139, 700-707.
Durnin, J.V.G.A. and Womersley, J. Body fat assessed from total body density and its estimation from skinfold thickness: measurements on 481 men and women aged from 16 to 72 years. Brit. J. Nutr., 1974, 32, 77-97.
Siri, W.E. ‘Body Composition from Fluid Spaces and Density Analysis of Methods', In: Brozek, J., Henschel, A. eds. ‘Technique for measuring body composition', National Academy of Sciences, Washington DC. 1961, 224-244.
Vasudev, S., Mohan, A., Mohan, D., Farooq, S., Raj, D. and Mohan, V. Validation of body fat measurement by skinfolds and two bioelectric impedance methods with DEXA-the Chennai Urban Rural Epidemiology Study [CURES-3]. J. Assoc. Phys. Ind., 2004, 52, 878-881.
Kuriyan, R., Petracchi, C., Ferro-Luzzi, A., Shetty, P.S. and Kurpad, A.V. Validation of expedient methods for measuring body composition in Indian adults. Ind. J. Med. Res., 1998, 107, 37-45.