Defining Healthy Foods:A Review of Existing Nutrient Profiling Models

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  • Department Foods and Nutrition, Lady Irwin College, University of Delhi, New Delhi-110 001 ,IN
  • Department Foods and Nutrition, Lady Irwin College, University of Delhi, New Delhi-110 001 ,IN



Nutrient Profiling, Dietary Transition, Healthy Eating, Food Choices, Nutritional Labelling, Public Health.


Dietary transition towards an increase in the consumption of energy dense foods, foods high in fat, sugar and salt have led to increased risk of diet related non-communicable diseases. The present study reviewed existing nutrient profiling models, developing were across various parts of the world. A total of 422 studies was identified and finally 33 studies were selected for this review. Papers spanned over a period of 1998-2018. Nutrient profile models rank foods according to healthfulness and were developed to help the consumer in making better food choices. They have also been used to regulate the marketing of food products to children. The objective of using the model determines the composition of the model, the nutrients incorporated, the cut offs used and choice of reference base. Studies have validated few of the existing nutrient profiling models. At present, there is no such universal nutrient profile model that can be applied across the globe.


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How to Cite

Mediratta, S., & Mathur, P. (2020). Defining Healthy Foods:A Review of Existing Nutrient Profiling Models. The Indian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics, 57(2), 205–216.



Review Articles
Received 2019-05-02
Accepted 2020-02-25
Published 2020-06-23



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