Role of Ilizarov Ring Fixator in Infected Non Union Tibia
Background: The main surgical principle in the management of diaphyseal bone infection is thorough debridement of all nonviable tissue. None of the previously mentioned techniques afford surgeon the ability to correct deformities, eliminate antibiotic therapy, regenerate new bone without grafts and allow weight bearing during treatment.
Objectives: The present study was conducted to evaluate the clinical follow-up results with Ilizarov technique using three parameters: union, infection and function and to know the complications if any faced by the patients.
Material and Methods: This was a prospective study planned to evaluate the results of Ilizarov ring fixator on follow-up of 18 cases of either sex with infected non-union tibia. Average age of presentation was 34.5 years. Follow-up roentgenographs were used to assess alignment, bone contact and later callus formation. Healing status of the fracture was monitored using biplane roentgenographs, unchanged fracture alignment with loosening of the frame, absence of pain during ambulation with the frame destabilized. The data thus collected were analysed by using percentage and valid conclusions were drawn.
Result: Pain and swelling were the most common complication after application of ilizarov ring fixator. In this study of 18 cases, 11 (61.11%) patients had excellent, 2 (11.11%) good, 5 (27.77%) fair and none had poor results as per criterion laid down by Catteneo et al.
Conclusion: Ilizarov technique was found to be useful to progressively lengthen the extremity, achieve union without bone grafting and to correct deformities in infected non-union with or without bone gap.
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