Epidemiology, Incidence, Mortality of Cervical Cancer in Southeast Asia and their Relationship: An Update Report
Cervical cancer is the leading-caused cancer death in women worldwide, especially occurring in the developing countries. The understanding of the incidence, mortality, and their relationship with the Human Development Index (HDI) and its three dimensions, including gross national income per capita, education index, and life expectancy, is crucial to establish the best way to prevent the increasing of cervical cancer in future. The data of the incidence (-ASR), mortality (-ASR), HDI were extracted from the GLOBOCAN and Human Development Reports database. Person Correlation Coefficient was applied to characterize the relationship among them. The incidence and mortality of Cervical Cancer in Southeast Asia (total new cases: 62,456 cases, counting for 19, 81%; new death cases: 35,738, counting for 21.22%), ranked in the top three of Asian regions. There was the negative correlation between the incidence-ASR, mortality-ASR with HDI, and its three dimensions. A significant correlation between the mortality-ASR rate of cervical cancer and Life expectancy at birth was recorded. The cancer of cervix gravitates to Asian region, including Southeast Asian countries. There was a significant relationship between the mortality-ASR rate of cervical cancer and Life expectancy at birth.
Sherris J, Herdman C, Elias C. Cervical cancer in the developing world. West J. Med. 2001; 175(4):231-33. https://doi.org/10.1136/ewjm.175.4.231. PMid: 11577044, PMCid: PMC1071564.
Wong LP. Knowledge and attitudes about HPV infection, HPV vaccination, and cervical cancer among rural Southeast Asian Women. Int. J. Behav. Med. 2011; 18(2):105-11. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12529-010-9104-y. PMid: 20524163.
Mohanty G, Ghosh SN. Risk factors for cancer of cervix, status of screening and methods for its detection. Arch. Gynecol. Obstet. 2015; 291(2):247-49. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00404-014-3492-1. PMid:25273981.
MuÃ±oz N, Bosch FX, De SanjosÃ© S, et al. Epidemiologic classification of human Papillomavirus types associated with cervical cancer. N. Engl. J. Med. 2003; 348(6):518-27. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa021641. PMid: 12571259.
Lao D, Le H. Epidemiology, incidence and mortality of Nasopharynx Cancer in Southeast Asia: An update report. Adv. Life Sci. 2020; 7(2):86-90.
Bray F, Jemal A, Grey N, Ferlay J., Forman, D. Global cancer transitions according to the Human Development Index (2008-2030): A population-based study. Lancet Oncol. 2012; 13(8):790-01. https://doi.org/10.1016/S14702045(12)70211-5.
Soheylizad M, Khazaei S, Jenabi E, Delpisheh A, Veisani Y. The relationship between human development index and its components with thyroid cancer incidence and mortality: Using the decomposition approach. Int. J. Endocrinol. Metab. 2018; 16(4):e65078. https://doi.org/10.5812/ ijem.65078. PMid: 30464773, PMCid: PMC6218660.
Mahdavifar N, Towhidi F, Makhsosi BR, et al. Incidence and mortality of Nasopharynx cancer and its relationship with human development index in the world in 2012. World J. Oncol. 2016; 7(5-6):109-18. https://doi.org/10.14740/wjon980w. PMid:28983375 PMCid:PMC5624652.
Cancer Today. Cancer Fact sheet. Accessed 12th December, 2019. Available from https://gco.iarc.fr/today/fact-sheetscancers.
United Nations Development Programme. Human Development Data (1990-2018). Accessed 12th December 2019. Available from http://hdr.undp.org/en/data.
Arbyn M, Weiderpass E, Bruni L, et al. Estimates of incidence and mortality of cervical cancer in 2018: A worldwide analysis. Lancet Glob Heal, 2020; 8(2):e191-03. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(19)30482-6.
Momenimovahed Z, Salehiniya H. Incidence, mortality and risk factors of cervical cancer in the world. Biomed. Res. Ther. 2017; 4(12):1795-811. https://doi.org/10.15419/ bmrat.v4i12.386.
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.