Efficacy of Hallux Valgus Deformity Correction Exercise Program in Young Females
Background: Hallux valgus deformity mostly seen in females because of high heels and tight/narrow shoes. Previous studies have focused on surgical treatment, orthosis, footwear modifications and tapping, but this not correct valgus deformity and causes certain complications. No studies are conducted showing proper exercise program effective in decreasing the valgus angle. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of hallux valgus deformity correction exercise program in young females. Objectives: To determine the efficacy of hallux valgus deformity correction exercise program in young females. Methods: 24 female subjects with mild and moderate hallux valgus angle were divided, in group A (experimental) treated with deformity correction exercises, mobilization, stretching and group B (control) with toe spread out and short foot exercises. A goniometer was used to determine the valgus angle of great toe. Visual analogue scale for the pain and functional limitations was evaluated by using Foot and Ankle Disability Index. Results: On comparing both groups, there was no statistically significant difference seen in pre interventional values. In post interventional values, there was significant difference seen with p value for pain at rest (<0.0001) and on activity (<0.0001), goniometric range of motion of great toe of right (<0.0002) and left side (<0.0003), foot and ankle disability index score (<0.0238). Conclusion: The conducted study shows that deformity correction exercises, stretching and mobilization had more beneficial effects than toe spread out and short foot exercises for correcting the deformity.
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