Efficacy of Hallux Valgus Deformity Correction Exercise Program in Young Females


  • Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences “Deemed to Be University", Faculty of Physiotherapy, Karad, Maharashtra, 415110, India
  • Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences “Deemed to Be University”, Department of Cardiopulmonary Sciences, Faculty of Physiotherapy, Karad, Maharashtra, 415110, India


Background: Hallux valgus deformity mostly seen in females because of high heels and tight/narrow shoes. Previous studies have focused on surgical treatment, orthosis, footwear modifications and tapping, but this not correct valgus deformity and causes certain complications. No studies are conducted showing proper exercise program effective in decreasing the valgus angle. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of hallux valgus deformity correction exercise program in young females. Objectives: To determine the efficacy of hallux valgus deformity correction exercise program in young females. Methods: 24 female subjects with mild and moderate hallux valgus angle were divided, in group A (experimental) treated with deformity correction exercises, mobilization, stretching and group B (control) with toe spread out and short foot exercises. A goniometer was used to determine the valgus angle of great toe. Visual analogue scale for the pain and functional limitations was evaluated by using Foot and Ankle Disability Index. Results: On comparing both groups, there was no statistically significant difference seen in pre interventional values. In post interventional values, there was significant difference seen with p value for pain at rest (<0.0001) and on activity (<0.0001), goniometric range of motion of great toe of right (<0.0002) and left side (<0.0003), foot and ankle disability index score (<0.0238). Conclusion: The conducted study shows that deformity correction exercises, stretching and mobilization had more beneficial effects than toe spread out and short foot exercises for correcting the deformity.


Deformity Correction Exercises, Movement with Mobilization, Strengthening, Stretching

Full Text:


Arge A, Lenzner A, Gapeyeva H, Pääsuke M. Range of motion and pain intensity of the first metatarsophalangeal joint in women with hallux valgus deformation after two-month home exercise programme. Acta Kinesiologiae Universitatis Tartuensis. 2012; 18:111–8. https://doi.org/10.12697/akut.2012.18.12

Bayar B, Erel S, ?im?ek ?E, Sümer E, Bayar K. The effects of taping and foot exercises on patients with hallux valgus: A preliminary study. Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences. 2011; 41(3):403–9.

Cho NH, Kim S, Kwon DJ, Kim HA. The prevalence of hallux valgus and its association with foot pain and function in a rural Korean community. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. 2009; 91(4):494–8. https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620X.91B4.21925. PMid:19336810

Co?kun G, Talu B, Bek N, Bayramlar KY. Effects of hallux valgus deformity on rear foot position, pain, function, and quality of life of women. Journal of Physical Therapy Science. 2016; 28(3):781– 7. https://doi.org/10.1589/jpts.28.781. PMid:27134358. PMCid: PMC4842439

Easley ME, Trnka HJ. Current concepts review: hallux valgus part 1: Pathomechanics, clinical assessment, and nonoperative management. Foot & Ankle International. 2007; 28(5):654–9. https://doi.org/10.3113/FAI.2007.0654. PMid:17559782

Fraissler L, Konrads C, Hoberg M, Rudert M, Walcher M. Treatment of hallux valgus deformity. EFORT open reviews. 2016 Aug; 1(8):295–302. https://doi.org/10.1302/2058-5241.1.000005. PMid:28660074. PMCid:PMC5467633

Glasoe WM. Treatment of progressive first metatarsophalangeal hallux valgus deformity: A biomechanically based muscle strengthening approach. Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy. 2016; 46(7):596–605. https://doi.org/10.2519/ jospt.2016.6704. PMid:27266887

Hong WP, Ryu BH, Lee SB. Comparison of joint mobilization with manual stretching exercises in the treatment of hallux valgus. Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research. 2018; 9(4):1614–8. https://doi.org/10.20540/ JIAPTR.2018.9.4.1614

Hurn SE, Vicenzino BT, Smith MD. Non-surgical treatment of hallux valgus: A current practice survey of Australian podiatrists. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research. 2016 Dec; 9(1):1–9. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13047-016-0146-5. PMid:27148407. PMCid:PMC4855349

Kim MH, Kwon OY, Kim SH, Jung DY. Comparison of muscle activities of abductor hallucis and adductor hallucis between the short foot and toe-spread-out exercises in subjects with mild hallux valgus. Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation. 2013; 26(2):163–8. https://doi.org/10.3233/BMR-2012-00363. PMid:23640317

Nix SE, Vicenzino BT, Smith MD. Foot pain and functional limitation in healthy adults with hallux valgus: A cross-sectional study. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders. 2012 Dec; 13(1):1.

https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2474-13-197. PMid:23067345. PMCid:PMC3526426

Robinson AH, Limbers JP. Modern concepts in the treatment of hallux valgus. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. 2005 Aug; 87(8):1038–45. https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620X.87B8.16467. PMid:16049235

Shin JH, Lee JS, Han KH, Bae KH. Effects of foot strengthening exercises and functional insole on range of motion and foot plantar pressure in elderly women. Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics. 2018; 28(1):45–54.

Wu D, Louie L. Does wearing high-heeled shoe cause hallux vallgus? A survey of 1,056 Chinese Females. The Foot and Ankle. 2010; 3(5):3.

Wülker N, Mittag F. The treatment of hallux valgus. Deutsches Ärzteblatt International. 2012 Dec; 109(49):857. https://doi.org/10.3238/arztebl.2012.0857. PMid:23267411. PMCid:PMC3528062


  • There are currently no refbacks.