Mahseer in India:An overview on Research Status and Future Priorities


Affiliations

  • ICAR- Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, Kolkata, West Bengal, 700120, India
  • ICAR- Central Institute of Fisheries Education, Kolkata Centre, Kolkata, West Bengal, 700091, India
  • Barktullah University, Bhopal, M.P., 462026, India
  • ICAR-Directorate of Coldwater Fisheries Research, Bhimtal, Uttarakhand, 263136, India

Abstract

The population of mahseers are declining very fast in different parts of India due to indiscriminate fishing of brood stock and juveniles, fast degradation of aquatic ecosystems, construction of dams, barrages and weirs under river valley projects etc and therefore the species deserves high conservation values in India. To save this prized resource, effective conservation and rehabilitation strategies need to be planned and implemented in the country. This requires knowledge of current status of fish, declining trend, aquaculture potential and population structure in the wild habitats, which is yet not carryout comprehensively. In the present paper, an attempt has been made to review evolutionary history, present status and role of conservation biology for their conservation, sustainable utilization and enhancement. Based on the review, discussed potential promising plans, priorities and suggestions, which would help saving mighty mahseers across the country.

Keywords

Mahseer, Rehabilitation, Aquaculture.

Subject Discipline

Zoology

Full Text:

References

Bagra, K., Kadu, K., Sharma, K.N., Laskar B.A., Sarkar, U.K. and Das, D.N. (2009) Ichthyological survey and review of the checklist of fish fauna of Arunachal Pradesh, India. Check List. 5, 330–350.

Basavaraja, N. and Keshavanath, P. (2000) Conservation and management of fish genetic resources in Karnataka. In: Ponniah, A.G. and Gopalakrishnan, A. (Eds.). Endemic Fish Diversity of Western Ghats. NBFGR-NATP Publication-1, 347 p. National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources, Lucknow, U.P., India. pp. 152–154.

Beavan, R. (1877) Handbook of freshwater fishes of India. British library Cataloging Publication. 1st edition in India (Ed.), Narendra Publication House, New Delhi. London, pp. 300.

Day, F. (1889) The Fishes of India: Being a Natural History of the Fishes Known to Inhabit the Seas and Fresh Waters of India, Burma and Ceylon. Text and atlas, London, B. Quaritch, pp. 1875–1878.

Desai, V.R. (1970) Studies on fishery and biology of Tor tor (Hamilton), for river Narmada. J. Inland Fish. Soc. India, 2, 101–102.

Dinesh, K., Nandeesha, M.C., Nautiyal, P. and Aiyappa, P. (2010) Mahseers in India: A review with focus on conservation and management. Ind. J. Animal Sci., 80, 26–38.

Eschmeyer, W.N. and Fong, J.D. (2014) Species by Family/Subfamily. Available online: http://research.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/ catalog/SpeciesByFamily.asp (November, 2014).

Gupta, N., Sivakumar, K., Vinod, B., Mathur, V.B. and Chadwick, M.A. (2014) The ‘tiger of Indian rivers’: stakeholders’ perspectives on the golden mahseer as a flagship fish species, 46, 389–397.

Islam, M.d., Shahidul, and Masaru, T. (2007) Threatened fishes of the world: Tor putitora Hamilton 1822 (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae). Environ Biol. Fishes, 78, 219–220.

Jayaram, K.C. (1999) The Freshwater Fishes of the Indian region. Narendra Publishing House, India. 551p+18 plates.

Jayaram, K.C. (2005) The Deccan Mahseer Fishes: Their ecostatus and threat percepts, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occ. Paper No. 238: 1–102+XV plates.

Joshi, C.B. (1982) Artificial breeding of golden mahseer Torputitora (Ham). J. Inl Fish. Soc. India, 13, 73–74.

Joshi, C.B. (1988) Induced breeding of mahseer Tor putitora (Ham). J. Inland Fish. Soc. India, 20, 66–67.

Khan, H. (1939) Study of the sex organs of mahseer ( Barbus tor). J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 40, 653–656.

Khare, P., Vindhya, M., Barman, A.S., Singh, R.K., Lal, K.K. (2014) Molecular evidence to reconcile taxonomic instability in mahseer species ( Pisces: Cyprinidae) of India. Organis. Divers. Evol., 14, 307–326

Kohli, M.P.S., Langer, R.K., Ogale, S.N., Dubey, K., Prakash, C. (2006) Cage culture of Deccan mahseer Tor khudree in Walwan reservoir, Maharashtra, India. In: Book of Abstracts, International Symposium on the Mahseer, 29-30 March 2006, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Malaysian Fisheries Society, Malaysia.

Kulkarni, C.V. and Ogale, S.N. (1978) The present status of mahseer (fish) and artificial propagation of Tor khudree (Sykes). J. Bombay. Nat. Hist. Soc., 75, 651–660.

Kumar, R., Goel C., Sahoo, P.K., Singh, A.K. and Barat, A. (2015) Complete mitochondrial genome organization of Tor tor (Hamilton, 1822). Mitochondrial DNA. doi: 10.3109/19401736.2015.1038795.

Kurup, B.M. and Radhakrishnan, K.V. (2010) Tor remadevii, a new species of Tor (gray) from Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary, Pambar River, Kerala, Southern India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 107, 227–230.

Lakra, W.S., Bhonde, R., Sivakumar, N. and Ayyappan, S, (2006) A new fibroblast like cell line from the fry of golden mahseer Tor putitora (Ham). Aquaculture, 253, 238–243.

Lakra, W.S., Sarkar, U.K., Kumar, R.S., Pandey, A., Dubey, V.K. and Gusain, O.M. (2010) Fish diversity, habitat ecology and their conservation and management issues of a tropical River in Ganga basin, India. Environmentalist, 30, 306–319.

Laskar, B.A., Bhattacharjee, M.J., Dhar, B., Mahadani, P., Kundu, S. and Ghosh S.K. (2013) The Species Dilemma of Northeast Indian Mahseer ( Actinopterygii: Cyprinidae): DNA Barcoding in Clarifying the Riddle. PLoS One, 8, e53704.

Mahapatra, B.K. and Vinod K. (2011) Reproductive biology and artificial propagation of chocolate mahseer Neolissocheilus hexagonolepis (Mc Clelland) in Meghalaya, India. Indian J. Fish., 58, 35–40.

Mahapatra, B.K., Vinod, K. and Mandal, B.K. (2004) Studies on chocolate mahseer, Neolissocheilus hexagonolepis (Mc Clelland) fishery and the cause of its decline in Umiam reservoir, Meghalaya. J. Natcon., 16, 199–205.

Majhi, S.K., Mahapatra, B.K., Vinod, K. and Mandal, B.K. (2006) Nutritional status of endangered Chocolate mahseer, Neolissocheilus hexagonolepis. (Mc Clelland). Environ. Ecol., 24, 582–585.

Mohan, M., Shyam Sunder and Raina, H. S. (1994) A modern cost efficient hatchery for mahseer aquaculture in the Himalayan region. Proceedings of National Symposium ‘Aquacrops’, CIFE, Bombay.

Nautiyal, P. (1989) Mahseer Conservation–Problem and Prospects. J. Bom. Nat. His. Soc., 86, 32–36.

Nautiyal, P., Lal M.S. (1988) Natural history of the Garhwal Himalayan Mahseer Tor putitora: Racial composition. Indian J. Ani. Sci., 58, 283–294.

Nelson, S.J. (2006) Fishes of the World, 4th Ed., New York: John Wiley and Sons Inc.

Ng, C.K. (2004). King of the rivers: mahseer in Malaysia and the region. Inter Sea Fishery (M) SDN BHD, Kuala Lumpur. pp. 170.

Oliver, K., Sangma, N., Basavaraja, N. (2007) Deccan Mahseer (Tor khudree) of Karnataka- on location of its wild brooders and fry and breakthrough in the hatchery production of its seed. Fishing Chimes, 26, 32–6.

Pinder, A.C. and Raghavan, R. (2013) Conserving the endangered Mahseers (Tor spp.) of India: the positive role of recreational fisheries Current Science, 104, 1472–1475.

Pisolkar, M.D. and Karamchandani, S.J. (1981) Fishery biology of Tor tor (Hamilton) from Govindgarh lake (Madhya Pradesh). Inland Fish Soc India, 13, 15–24.

Rahman, M.R., Rahman, M.S., Khan, M.G.Q. and Mostary, S. (2007) Suitability of Mahseer Tor putitora (Hamilton) in Polyculture with Indian Major Carps. Progr. Agric., 18,175–182.

Ranjana, L.K. (2005) Molecular characterization of golden Mahseer (Tor putitora) for stock identification. Ph.D. Thesis. A.P.S. University Rewa, India Sarma, D., Akhtar, M.S., Das, P., Ganesh, G., Ciji, A. and Mahanta, P.C. (2015) Observations on larval development of chocolate mahseer Neolissochilus hexagonolepis (McClelland, 1839). Indian J. Fish., 62, 135–138.

Sarma, D., Akhtar, M.S., Das, P., Shahi, N., Ciji, A. and Mahanta, P.C. (2013) Nutritional quality in terms of amino acid and fatty acid of five coldwater fish species: implications to human health. Nat. Acad. Sci. Lett., 36 (4), 385–391.

Sati, J., Kumar, R., Sahoo, P.K., Patiyal, R.S., Ali, S. and Barat, A. (2013) Genetic characterization of Golden mahseer (Tor putitora) populations using mitochondrial DNA markers. Mitochondrial DNA, 1–7. doi: 10.3109/19401736.2013.823170.

Sehgal, K.L. (1999) Cold water fish and fisheries in the western ghats, India. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper, No. 385, Rome, FAO, 304.

Sehgal, K. L. (1991) Artificial propagation of golden mahseer, Torputitora (Ham.) in the Himalaya. NRC-CWF Sp. Publ. 2. pp. 12.

Sehgal, K.L. and Malik, D.S. (1991) Efficiency of flow-through system for seed production of Tor putitora (Ham.) at KumaonHimalaya. Indian J. Fish., 38, 134–137.

Shanmukha, S.N. (1996) Status of mahseer fishery in Karnataka. Fishing Chimes, June 1996, 26–29.

Sharma, J., Parashar, A. (2013) Fertilization regime in culture pond – An attempt for rehabilitation and conservation of endangered fish mahseer (Tor tor). Indian J. App. Pure Biol., 28, 39–44.

Vinod, K., Mahapatra, B.K. and Mandal, B.K. (2007) Umiam reservoir fisheries of Meghalaya (Eastern Himalayas)- Strategies for yield optimization. Fishing Chimes, 26, 8–15.

Vinod, K., Mahapatra, B.K. and Mandal, B.K. (2003) Recreational Fishing In a Meghalaya Community Pond: A case study. Fishing Chimes, 23, 76–77.

WWF, (2013). Mahseer Conservation in India Status, Challenges and the way forward.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.