Histopathological Findings in Uterus and Cervix of Hysterectomy Specimens


Affiliations

  • Ruby Hall Clinic, Department of Pathology, Pune, India
  • Dr. Vasantrao Pawar Medical College Hospital and Research Center, Department of Pathology, Nashik, 422003, India

Abstract

Background: For centuries, the female reproductive system has been affected by various abnormalities and diseases and hence has been the subject of interest and the basis for the gynaecological practice. The uterus being a vital reproductive and hormone-responsive organ, is subjected to a variety of physiological changes and benign and malignant disorders. Aims and Objectives: To study the indications of hysterectomy, to study gross and histopathological features of uterus and cervix in hysterectomy specimens and correlate with clinical findings. Material and Methods: This was a descriptive study of the gross and histopathological findings of uterus and cervix in 150 hysterectomy specimens received in the department. The hysterectomy specimens received were fixed in 10% formalin for 24 hours, were examined grossly and necessary sections were obtained. The tissue pieces were then processed in automated tissue processor, well labelled paraffin blocks were made. Approximately 2-3μ thickness sections were cut with the help of microtome and were stained routinely by Hematoxylin & Eosin stain and special stains like PAS or other were used wherever necessary. The histopathological findings of uterus and cervix were noted and these findings were then correlated with clinical diagnosis. Results: Overall clinicopathological correlation was noted in all 150 cases. In cases of uterine fibroid it was 69.7% and 100% in case of endometrial carcinoma and cervical dysplasia. Most common pathology found was uterine leiomyomas in 48 cases and next to it was adenomyosis in 30 cases. Conclusion: It can be concluded that clinico-pathological correlation in case of endometrial cancer and uterine fibroid is excellent, but in case of DUB and prolapse uterus it varies. This signifies the importance of clinico-pathological correlation in all cases of hysterectomy to improve the clinical outcome and post-operative management.

Keywords

Hysterectomy, Histopathology of Uterus and Cervix, Leiomyoma.

Subject Discipline

Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Full Text:

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