Risk Factors Determinants for Prognosis of Stroke Patients in Tertiary Care Institute


Affiliations

  • Dr. Vasantrao Pawar Medical College, Hospital and Research Centre, Department of Anaesthesia, Nashik, Maharashtra, 422003, India
  • Dr. Vasantrao Pawar Medical College, Hospital and Research Centre, Department of Paediatrics, Nashik, Maharashtra, 422003, India
  • Dr. Vasantrao Pawar Medical College, Hospital and Research Centre, In-charge, Central Research Laboratory, Nashik, Maharashtra, 422003, India
  • Dr. Vasantrao Pawar Medical College, Hospital and Research Centre, Department of Community Medicine, Nashik, Maharashtra, 422003, India
  • Dr. Vasantrao Pawar Medical College, Hospital and Research Centre, Clinical Research Coordinator, VPCDTTR, Nashik, Maharashtra, 422003, India
  • Dr. Vasantrao Pawar Medical College, Hospital and Research Centre, Department of Ophthalmology, Nashik, Maharashtra, 422003, India

Abstract

Aim: Risk Factors Associated with Stroke Patients of Tertiary Care Institute. Objective: To analyse the few determinants of prognosis of stroke patients admitted to tertiary care Institute. Materials and Methods: This is a Retrolective-cross section study. Anonymised data of stroke patients admitted in 2016-2017 were analysed using appropriate statistical method (SPSS). Data were randomly collected after approval of Institutional Ethics Committee (IEC). Result: Among total 70 patients’ (44 Males, 26 Females) data were included for analysis. The majority of patients were in the age group of 35 to 80 years. Among the subtype of strokes, 35 were of an ischemic type and 35 were of the hemorrhagic type. Overall stroke is more common in male as compared to females. Hypertension was commonest risk factor i.e., 61% followed by tobacco i.e. 32%, then alcohol consumption 24%, Diabetes Mellitus 20% ischemic heart disease 4.2% among the study population. Diabetes Mellitus as a risk factor was present in 25% of patients with stroke. Commonest presenting symptom observed in the study population was hemiplegia 77% followed by speech involvement 28.6%. The majority of patients were from poor socioeconomic strata. Conclusion: Our study re-identifies the pivotal importance of aetiology and prognosis of stroke where alcohol, tobacco and unawareness for treatment for Diabetes and Hypertension were common to socioeconomic status and attention to correction of modifiable risk factors.

Keywords

Hemorrhagic Stroke, Ischemic Stroke, Risk Factors, Socioeconomic Status

Subject Discipline

Medicine

Full Text:

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