Clinical Evaluation and Management Outcome of Extradural Haematoma


Affiliations

  • Dr. Vasantrao Pawar Medical College Hospital & RC, Department of General Surgery, Nashik, 422003, India

Abstract

Aims and Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical presentation of patient with extradural hematoma secondary to head injury and to decide upon the mode of management and also to study the results of the management and the outcome and the factors affecting morbidity and mortality. Materials and Methods: Data was collected through a prescribed proforma from the patients admitted in Surgery Department, Dr. Vasantrao Pawar Medical College and Hospital, Adgaon with extradural hematoma during the period of November 2014 to October 2016. The sample size of the study was 30 patients who completed the inclusion and exclusion criteria. All the patients with head injury on CT scan diagnosed to have EDH were included in the study. The management includes conservative measures and/or surgical intervention. The patients were followed for the results during the period of stay in hospital. Results: Temporo-Parietal (20%) and temporal region (20%) was the most common location of EDH. The most significant factors which influences surgical mode of management were higher age group, lower GCS and CT scan variables. Lower GCS was very significantly associated with unfavorable outcome along with CT scan variables irrespective of mode of management. Conclusion: From this study we concluded that neurological status of patient on presentation and the volumetric details of EDH are the most important factors in management and outcome of EDH. EDH patients were managed surgically and carried high number of unfavorable outcome previously. With early detection and treatment due to better connectivity of patients to hospitals, with the help of CT scan and good hospital care, we can expect a decrease in the number of unfavorable outcomes.

Keywords

Conservative Management, CT Scan, Extradural Hematoma, GOS, GCS, Surgical Management

Subject Discipline

General Surgery

Full Text:

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