A Possible Use of a Polymeric Amphiphile as Petroleum Pollution Collector


Affiliations

  • Instituto Universitario Naval (INUN), Escuela de Oficiales de la Armada, Argentina
  • Universidad Nacional del Sur, Departamento de Quimica, Bahia Blanca, Argentina

Abstract

A polymeric amphiphile was synthesised by addition of phosphonate groups to asymmetric terminal double bonds of polybutadiene giving α, β-unsaturated phosphonic acids. The polymer was characterized by NMR and FT-IR. The synthesis produces a complex cream-like O/W emulsion containing simultaneously water and toluene. The oil droplets are interconnected by polymer chains avoiding the dispersion of the emulsion in water. When this emulsion is spread on a crude petroleum overflow on water, the oil stain shrink and is absorbed by the cream-like emulsion. The resulting product can be manipulated more easily than the original oil to extract it from the water surface.

Keywords

Polymeric Amphiphile, Petroleum Collector, Phosphonic Acids, Phosphonated Polybudiene, Emulsion.

Subject Discipline

Chemistry

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