Diabetes: Rescue by Boerhaavia diffusa


Affiliations

  • Institute of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Pineal Research Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, 221005, India

Abstract

The incidence of diabetes, a metabolic disorder, is increasing at a very rapid pace globally but hypoglycemic drugs like insulin, bioguanides, thiazolidiones and sulphonylureas, which produce several adverse side effects, are still the main stay for its treatment. However, the traditional medicines derived from plants have lesser side effects and are of low cost. Boerhaavia diffusa, belonging to Nyctaginaceae family, also known as Punarnava, has great many medicinal properties and is one of the oldest medicines described in Ayurveda for the treatment of a number of diseases including diabetes. B. diffusa has been reported to be diuretic, anti-inflammatory, anticonvulsant, antifibrolytic, antibacterial, antidiabetic, hepatoprotective, immunosuppressive, nephroprotective, antiasthamatic, antihelminitic, etc. It contains alkaloids, flavanoids, lipids, carbohydrates, steroids, lignins, proteins, triterpeniods, glycoproteins, β-sitosterol, α-2-sitosterol, ester of β-sitosterol, palmitic acid, β-ecdyosone, hexacosanoic, tetracosanoic, arachidonic and stearic acids, etc., which might be responsible for its curative properties. The present review focuses on the antidiabetic/hypoglycaemic property of this miracle plant.

Keywords

Antidiabetic, Boerhaavia diffusa, Diabetes, Hypoglycemic, Punarnava

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