Status and Distribution of Red-Backed Spider, Latrodectus hasseltii Thorell (Araneae: Theridiidae) in Gujarat State, Western India
Specimens of Latrodectus hasseltii were collected from Gujarat State, Western India during 1970 to July 2015. All the records of its occurrence were placed together to establish its wide spread distribution and habitat association. It showed higher association with forest (36.6%) and wasteland (33.3%) habitats compared to agricultural (23.3%) and human residential (6.6%) habitats. L. hasseltii has been recorded from 11 forest areas, out of 13 forest areas surveyed intensively in Gujarat State. Out of nine crops studied in Gujarat State, L. hasseltii was recorded only from three crops (castor, cotton and lucerne).
Brown KS, Necaise JS, Goddard J. 2008. Additions to the known U.S. distribution of Latrodectus geometricus (Araneae: Theridiidae). J Med Entomol. 45: 959–962.
Champion HG, Sheth SK. 1968. A Revised Survey of the Forest Types of India. Government of India, Delhi.
Daniel JC, Soman PW. 1961. Observations on the spider Latrodactus hasseltii indicus Simon with a note on arachnidism. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc. 58(3): 823 – 826.
Delvadia L. 2007. Preliminary Report of Spiders of Morvi, Tankara and Wankaner. M. Sc. Thesis, Saurashtra University, Rajkot, Gujarat.
Ganeshkumar G, Siliwal M. 2005. Range extension of Latrodactus hasseltii Thorell, 1870 (Araneae: Therididae). Zoos’ Print J. 20(11): 2072.
Hippargi RV, Bolde PM, Manthen SV, Shaikh AR. 2012. Ecology of venomous spider Latrodectus hasselti Thorell, 1870 (Araneae:Theridiidae) from Solapur and Osmanabad District, Maharashtra. Indian J Arachnology. 1(1): 169-174.
Kananbala A, Manoj K, Bhubaneshwari M, Binarani A, Siliwal M. 2012. The first report of the widow spider Latrodectus elegans (Araneae: Theridiidae) from India. J Threat Taxa. 4: 2718–2722, .
Mc Crone JD. 1964. Comparative lethality of several Latrodectus venoms. Toxicon. 2: 201–203.
Murphy F, Murphy J. 2000. An Introduction to the Spiders of South-East Asia. Malaysian Nature Society, Kuala Lumpur.
Parasharya BM, Pathan, VA. 2013. Diversity of spider fauna in Lucerne (Medicago sativa L.). J Biol Control 21(4): (In press).
Patel BH, Pillai GK, Sebastian PA. 1987. Observation on cocoon spinning behavior and maternal care in Latrodectus hasseltii Thorell (Araneae: Theridiidae), pp. 41-49. In: (Ismail, S. A. & S. S. Alawdeen (Eds.). Aspects of Behaviour. Department of Zoology, The New College, Madras, India.
Patel BH, Pillai GK. 1987. Studies on sperm induction, courtship and mating behaviour of Latrodectus hasseltii Thorell (Araneae: Theridiidae), pp. 28-40. In: Ismail, S. A. and S. S. Alawdeen, (Eds.). Aspects of Behaviour. Department of Zoology, The New College, Madras, India.
Patel BH, Vyas R. 2001. Spiders of Hingolgadh Nature Education Sanctuary, Gujarat, India. Zoos’ Print J. 16(9): 589-590.
Patel BH. 1971. Studies on some spiders (Araneae: Arachnida) from Gujarat, India. PhD Thesis, Sardar Patel University, Vallabh Vidyanagar, Gujarat.
Patel BH. 1987. Final Report of ICAR Research Scheme on ‘Taxonomy, Biology, Ecology of spiders of Saurashtra and North Gujarat Regions’. Department of Zoology, Sir P. P. Institute of Science, Bhavnagar University, Bhavnagar, Gujarat.
Patel BH. 1999. Arachnida – Spiders, pp. 53-55. In: Singh, H. S. (Ed). Biodiversity Study on Hingolgadh Nature Education Sanctuary, Rajkot District, Gujarat State. Gujarat Ecological Education and Research Foundation, Gandhinagar, Gujarat.
Patel BH. 2000. Invertebrates: Spider fauna, pp. 71-78. In: Singh HS, Raval BR, Patel BH, Tatu K, Patel D, Vyas R, Patel BH. (Eds.). Study on Biodiversity on Vansda National Park. Gujarat Ecological Education and Research Foundation, Gandhinagar, Gujarat.
Patel BH. 2002. Invertebrates: Spiders, pp. 81-83, 193-196. In: Singh HS, Patel BH, Trivedi P, Raval DR, Pawar JS, Vyas RV, Patel BH. (Eds.), Biodiversity Study in Ratanmahals Wildlife Sanctuary. Gujarat Ecological Education and Research Foundation, Gandhinagar, Gujarat.
Patel BH. 2003. Fauna of Protected Areas in India - 1. Spiders of Vansda National Park, Gujarat. Zoos’ Print J. 18(4): 1079–1083.
Patel BH. 2004. Spider fauna, pp. 57-62. In: Pandey CN, Patel SP, Chavan S, Salvi H, Patel BH, Vyas RV, Trivedi P, Jethva B, Aiyadurai A. (Eds.). The Status of Biodiversity in Purna Wildlife Sanctuary. Gujarat Ecological Education and Research Foundation, Gandhinagar, Gujarat.
Patel DT. 2000. Diversity, population dynamics, predatory potential and distribution of spiders in rice crop in Anand district, Gujarat. M. Sc. (Agri.) Thesis, Gujarat Agricultural University, Sardar Krushinagar, Gujarat.
Patel SK. 1985. Faunastic survey of spiders from Bhavnagar district, Gujarat State. PhD Thesis, Bhavnagar University, Bhavnagar, Gujarat.
Pathan VA. 2003. Diversity, population dynamics and ground activity of the spiders in Lucerne crop in Anand, Gujarat. M. Sc. (Agri.) Thesis, Gujarat Agricultural University, Sardar Krushinagar, Gujarat.
Pillai GK. 1988. Taxonomy and biology of some predaceous spiders from major agricultural crops of Saurashtra region, Gujarat. PhD Thesis, Bhavnagar University, Bhavnagar, Gujarat.
Platnick, N. I. 2014. The world spider catalog, version 15. American Museum of Natural History, online at http://research.amnh.org/entomology/spiders/catalog/index.html DOI: 10.5531/db.iz.0001
Pocock RI. 1900. Fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma - Arachnida. Taylor and Francis, London.
Rithe K. 2012. Spider diversity from relocated area of Melghat Tiger Reserve. Indian J Arachnology, 1(2):92-105.
Schmidt G, Klaas P. 1991. Eine neue Latrodectus-Spezies aus Sri Lanka (Araneida: Theridiidae). Arachnologischer Anzeiger 14: 6–9.
Sebastian PA. 1988. Studies on the biology of some predacious spiders on insect pests of some major crops of north Gujarat. PhD Thesis, Bhavnagar University, Bhavnagar, Gujarat.
Shukla S, Gour-Broome V. 2007. First report of the brown widow spider, Latrodectus geometricus. C. L. Koch, (Araneae: Theridiidae) from India. Current Sci. 93:775–777.
Siliwal M, Kumar D. 2001. Rare sighting of poisonous spider Latrodectus hasseltii indicus Simon (Araneae: Theridiidae) in a cotton field in Baroda district, Gujarat. Current Sci. 81(9): 1170-1171.
Siliwal M, Molur S. 2007. Checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of South Asia including the 2006 update of Indian spider checklist. Zoos’ Print J. 22(2): 2551–2597.
Siliwal M, Suresh B, Pilo B. 2003. Spiders of Purna Wildlife Sanctuary, Dangs, Gujarat. Zoos’ Print J. 18(1): 1259-1263.
Simon E. 1897. Arachnides recueillis par M. M. Maindron a Mascate, en octobre 1896. Bulletin du Museum (national) d’histoire naturelle. Paris, 1897: 95-98.
Srinivasulu C, Srinivasulu B, Javed SMM, Seetharamaraju M, Asha Jyothi S, Srinivasulu CA, Tampal F. 2013. Additions to the araneofauna of Andhra Pradesh, India - part II. Records of interesting species of the comb-footed genera Latrodectus, Rhomphaea and Coleosoma (Araneae: Theridiidae). J Threat Taxa. 5(10): 4483–4491.
Sunderland K, Samu F. 2000. Effect of agricultural diversification on the abundance, distribution and pest control potential of spiders: A review. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 95: 1-13.
Tatu K, Patel BH, Vyas R, Patel BH. 2001. A Study on Biodiversity in Kachchh Desert Wildlife Sanctuary and its Environs (Great Rann of Kachchh). (Preliminary Report), pp.165. Gujarat Ecological Education and Research Foundation, Gandhinagar, Gujarat.
Tikader BK. 1987. Handbook of Indian Spiders. Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta.
Vasava AG, Patel M, Parasharya BM, Mistry V, Patel P, Mehta D, Patel D, Patel K. 2015. Records of brown widow spider, Latrodectus geometricus Koch 1841, (Araneae: Theridiidae) from Gujarat, western India with notes on its distribution, habitat and natural history. Acta Arachnologica: (in press)
Vetter RS, Isbister GK. 2008. Medical aspects of spider bites. Ann Revi Entomol. 53:409-429.
Vetter RS, Vincent LS, Danielsen DWR., Reinker KI, Clarke DE, Itnyre AA, Kabashima JN, Rust MK. 2012. The prevalence of brown widow and black widow spiders (Araneae: Theridiidae) in urban southern California. J Med Entomol. 49: 947–951.
Vyas AM, Pathak JS, Trivedi JR. 1999. Pesticide Industry: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow. Gujarat Pesticides Formulators Association, Ahmedabad.
- There are currently no refbacks.