Effect of Organic Amendments on the Proliferation Stability of Trichoderma harzianum and Suppression of Phytophthora meadii in Cardamom Soils in Relation to Soil Microflora


Affiliations

  • Indian Institute of spices Research, Division of Crop Protection, Calicut, Kerala, 673 012, India

Abstract

An even economical and more frequently used method of attaining biological control of soil borne plant pathogens is incorporating plant residues and organic amendments to the soil, which support high level of microbial activity. In the present study farm yard manure (FYM), poultry manure (PM), coffee husk (CH) and neem cake (NC) were used as soil amendments with or without Trichoderma harzianum to evaluate their efficacy in suppressing Phytophthora meadii under varying moisture conditions. The survival of Phytophthora was found higher at 50% moisture level. Neem cake with Trichoderma appeared as a suitable amendment at all moisture level and has shown 69% reduction in Phytophthora infection over control. At 75% and 100% (field capacity), no detectable level of Phytophthora was observed in treatments where T. harzianum was fortified with CH, PM and NC. At field capacity, PM and FYM with Trichoderma also reduced the build up of Phytophthora. Native population of Trichoderma was found negligible in non-amended treatments. All the four amendments maintained the population and supported the growth of Trichoderma at all moisture levels. In general, organic manures with T. harzianum reduced the population level of other fungi, while crop residues supported the growth of fungi like Penicillium, Rhizopus, Aspergillus, Mucor, etc. besides T. harzianum.

Keywords

Coffee Husk, Crop Residue, Elettaria cardamomum, Farm Yard Manure, Neem Cake, Organic Amendments, Phytophthora meadii, Poultry Manure and Trichoderma harzianum.

Subject Discipline

Agriculture Sciences

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