Studies on natural enemies of Pink pineapple mealybug, Dysmicoccus brevipes (Cockerell) (Hemiptera: Pseudococciade) in Kerala


  • Kerala Agricultural University, Department of Agricultural Entomology, College of Horticulture, Thrissur, Kerala, 680656, India


Purposive survey was conducted to document the natural enemies associated with Dysmicoccus brevipes in pineapple growing areas of Kerala. The survey was carried out between January to May 2016 at monthly intervals. Infested fruits were collected from pineapple fields and observed for natural enemies. The natural enemies recorded included four predators [Spalgis epeus (Westwood), Cacoxenus perspicax (Knab) and two species of Scymnus which are yet to be identified], one parasitoid (Chartocerus sp.) and the fungus Aspergillus sp.


Dysmicoccus brevipes, parasitoid, predator, Spalgis epeus

Subject Discipline

Agricultural Entomology

Full Text:


Arve SS, Patel KG, Chavan SM, Vidhate PK. 2011. Investigation on population dynamics of hibiscus mealybug, Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley in relation to biotic factors under South Gujarat condition. J Biopestic. 4(2): 211-213.

Basavaraju SL, Revanappa SB, Prashant K, Rajkumar, Anand Kanatti, Sowmya HC. 2013. Bio-ecology and management of arecanut scale, Parasaissetia nigra (Neitner) and mealybug, Dysmicoccus brevipes (Cockerell). Indian J Agric Res. 47(5): 436-440.

Beltra A, Tena A, Soto A. 2012. Fortuitous biological control of the invasive mealybug, Phenacoccus peruvianus in Southern Europe. Biocontrol. Available from: 27 June 201 DOI 10.1007/s10526-10526-012-9488-5

Bua B, Karungi J, Awube G. 2013. Occurrence and effects of pineapple mealybug wilt disease in central Uganda. J Agric Sci Technol. 3: 410-416.

Cham D, Davis H, Obeng-Ofori D, Owusu E. 2013. Field and laboratory studies on natural enemies associated with the newly invasive mealybug species, Paracoccus marginatus, and other pests of papaya in the eastern and greater Accra regions of Ghana. West Afric J Appl Ecol. 21(2): 23-35.

Devasayaham S, Kova KMA, Anandara M, Thomas T, Preethi. 2009. Distribution and ecology of root mealybugs associated with black pepper (Piper nigrum Linnaeus) in Karnataka and Kerala, India. Entomon 34: 147-154

Goolsby JA, Kirk AA, Meyerdirk DE. 2002. Seasonal phenology and natural enemies of Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) in Australia. Fla Entomologist 85(3): 494-498.[0494:SPANEO]2.0.CO;2

Hernandez IM, Martinez MA. 2012. Dysmicoccus brevipes (Cockerell) (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) new report on Hedychium coronorium Koenig, flower butterfly in Cuba. Rev Prot Veg. 27: 54-55.

KAU (Kerala Agricultural University). Package of Practices Recommendations: Crops (12th Ed.). Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur. 2002; 183p.

Sether DM,Hu JS.2001. The impact of pineapple mealybug wilt-associated virus-1 and reduced irrigation on pineapple yield. Aust Plant Pathol. 30: 31-36. AP00060

Sundararaj R. 2008. Population dynamics, parasitoids and chemical control of the spherical mealybug, Nipaecoccus viridis on sandal. Indian J Plant Prot. 36(1): 15-18.

Thangamalar A, Subramanian S, Mahalingam CA. 2010. Bionomics of papaya mealybug, Paracoccus marginatus and its predator Spalgis epius in mulberry ecosystem. Karnataka J Agric Sci. 23(1): 39-41.


  • There are currently no refbacks.