Survey and surveillance of natural enemies in mango ecosystem


Affiliations

  • ICAR-Central Institute for Subtropical Horticulture, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, 226 101, India
  • ICAR-Indian Institute of Spices Research, Madikeri, Karnataka, 571201, India
  • ICAR-Central Institute for Subtropical Horticulture, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, 226101, India

Abstract

Abundance of natural enemies in mango ecosystem was studied through survey and surveillance. In order to record the natural enemies associated with mango ecosystem surveys were conducted in mango orchards in and around Malihabad block of Lucknow for two years. During the study period ten species of coccinellids and two species of chrysopid predators were recorded. The activity of lady bird beetles was noticed in mango orchard during first week of March to last week of March (10 to 13th Standard Meteorological Week (SMW) of 2016). Lady bird beetles, Coccinella septempunctata, C. transversalis, and Menochilus sexmaculata, were found in abundance and their population counts were taken. Peak populations of coccinellids were observed during 12th SMW with 3.3 adult beetles/panicle. Six species of parasitoids were collected from the mango ecosystem, among them; the most abundant parasitoid was Brachymeria lasus, parasitizing mango leaf webber. It was evident that wherever indiscriminate use of insecticides was undertaken, natural enemy population was very low. In unprotected orchards abundant natural enemies were recorded. In order to achieve natural control of the pest it is advised that the orchardists adopt minimal spray may be taken up.


Keywords

Coccinellids, mango, natural enemies

Full Text:

References

Barratt BIP, Moran VC, Bigler F, Van Lenteren JC. 2018. The status of biological control and recommendations for improving uptake for the future. BioControl 63: 155-167. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10526-017-9831-y

Choudhary JS, Naaz NA, Mukherjee DE, Prabhakar CS, Maurya SD, Kumar S. 2014. Biodiversity and seasonality of predaceous coccinellids (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) in mango agro-ecosystem of Jharkhand. Ecoscan 8: 53-57.

Hawkeswood, T. 1987. Beetles of Australia. Augus and Robertson, Sydney, Australia.

Kaushik DK, Baraiha U, Thakur, BS, Parganiha, OP. 2012. Pest complex and their succession on mango (Mangifera indica) in Chhattisgarh, India. Pl Archives 12: 303-306.

Messing R, Brodeur J. 2018. Current challenges to the implementation of classical biological control. BioControl 63: 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10526-017-9862-4

NHB [National Horticulture Board]. 2016. Indian Horticulture Database. National Horticulture Board, Gurgaon, Rekha BS, Raguraman S, Kandibane M, Swamiappan M. 2007. Diversity of predatory coccinellids in fruit crops in Madurai and Periyakulam districts of southern Tamil Nadu. Madras Agri J. 94: 69-75.

Santos APS, Pereira JA, Raimundo A, Torres LM, Nogueira AJA. 2010. Seasonal synchrony between Saissetia oleae and coccinellid species in Portuguese olive groves in different management systems. Bull Insectology 63: 51-57.

Thalji RA. 2005. Composition of coccinellid communities in sugarbeet fields in Vojvodina. IV. I Sym sugar beet Protec, Novi Sad, Serbia. PMCid:PMC2515627

Tooker JF, Hanks LM. 2000. Influence of Plant Community Structure on Natural Enemies of Pine Needle Scale (Homoptera: Diaspididae) in Urban Landscapes. Environ Entomol. 29: 1305-1311. https://doi.org/10.1603/0046225X-29.6.1305


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.