Studies on new invasive pest Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and its natural enemies


Affiliations

  • ICAR-National Bureau of Agricultural Insect Resources, Bengaluru, Karnataka, 560024, India
  • Univeristy of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK, All India Coordinated Research Project on Small Millets, Bengaluru, Karnataka, 560065, India

Abstract

Occurrence of Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), commonly known as fall armyworm, in southern India is reported along with associated natural enemies. Severe damage was noticed in Chikkaballapur, Hassan, Shivamogga, Davanagere and Chitradurga during July-August 2018. The incidence ranged from 9.0 to 62.5 percent at various locations, maximum incidence was recorded in Hassan district followed by Chikkaballapur, Davanagere, Shivamogga and Chitradurga. Morphology and molecular based taxonomic tools were used for the identification of this pest. The GenBank accession number MH704433 of Chikkaballapur population was released on 1st August, 2018 and Barcode obtained from BOLD System-ID: AGIMP054-18. The survey also revealed natural parasitism by egg parasitoids viz., Telenomus sp. (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae) and Trichogramma sp. (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae), gregarious larval parasitoid, Glyptapanteles creatonoti (Viereck) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) solitary larval parasitoid, Campoletis chlorideae Uchida (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae), and a solitary indeterminate larval-pupal (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae: Ichneumoninae) parasitoid. Spodoptera frugiperda is the first host record for G. creatonoti across the globe. Glyptapanteles creatonoti, being a well established parasitoid of various noctuids in India and Malaysia, was capable of parasitizing S. frugiperda. Besides these, other commonly found bioagents viz., Forficula sp. (Dermaptera: Forficulidae) and entomopathogenic fungus Nomuraea rileyi (Farl.) Samson was also collected in large numbers. We report the natural enemy complex of S. frugiperda for the first time from India. The electro physiological response of Indian population of S. frugiperda male adults to pheromone was established. The studies to manage this pest by any/all means are in progress.

Keywords

Karnataka, maize, new pest

Full Text:

References

Benson DA, Karsch-Mizrachi I, Lipman DJ, Ostell J, Wheeler DL. 2005. Nucleic Acids Res. 33(Database issue): D34−8. https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gki063 PMid:15608212 PMCid:PMC540017

Folmer O, Black M, Hoeh W, Lutz R, Vrijenhoek R. 1994. DNA primers for amplification of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I from diverse metazoan invertebrates. Mol Mar Biol Biotechnol. 3: 294−299.

PMid:7881515

Ganiger PC, Yeshwanth HM, Muralimohan K, Vinay N, Kumar ARV, Chandrashekara K. 2018. First report on the occurrence of the fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae), a New Pest in Karnataka, India. UAS, GKVK, Bengaluru.

Goergen G, Kumar PL, Sankung SB, Togola A, TamòM. 2016. First report of outbreaks of the fall armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda (J E Smith) (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae), a new alien invasive Pest in West and Central Africa. PLoS ONE 11(10): e0165632. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0165632. https:// doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0165632

Hebert PDN, Cywinska A, Ball SL, deWaard JR. 2003. Biological identifications through DNA barcodes.

Proc R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 270: 313−321. https:// doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2002.2218 PMid:12614582 PMCid:PMC1691236

ICAR-NBAIR. 2018. Pest alert: Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) (Insecta: Lepidoptera). (published on 30/07/2018).

IITA. 2018. Fall armyworm has reached the Indian subcontinent! Available from: http://www.iita.org/news-item/ fall-armyworm-has-reached-the-indian-subcontinent/ (published on 04/08/2018).

Sharanabasappa, Swamy KCM. 2018. Presence of fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), an Invasive Pest on Maize in University jurisdiction. University of Agricultural and Horticultural Sciences, Shivamogga, Karnataka, India. Available from: https://drive.google.com/file/ d/1hEW58nhZViHPnRduCjRHVIfWhGASHLSH/viewwww.uahs.in (published on 20/07/2018).

Steinmann H. 1993. Dermaptera. Eudermaptera II. Das Tierreich. 108: 1−711.

Wilkinson DS. 1928. A revision of the Indo-Australian species of the genus Apanteles (Hym. Bracon.).

Part II. Bull Entomol Res. 19: 109–146. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/s0007485300020393


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.