Effect of Maternal Smoking on Birth Outcomes


  • Life University, Georgia
  • Thiruvalluvar University, India
  • Cobb and Douglas Public Health, Georgia


Smoking is the second leading risk factor for global mortality. In the United States, 65 per cent of all infant deaths occur among low birth-weight (LBW) infants (<2500g); LBW infants account for 7.6 per cent of all live- born infants. Numerous studies have shown that maternal cigarette smoking during pregnancy is associated with reduced birth weight or increased risk of LBW . Maternal cigarette smoking is identified as the single largest modifiable risk factor for intrauterine growth restriction in developed countries.

Subject Discipline

Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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