Mono Sodium Glutamate as a Substitute for Sodium Chloride in Indian Diets


  • Avinashilingam Institute for Home Science and Higher Education for Women - Deemed University, Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Coimbatore, 641 043, India


Glutamate in the free form is abundantly found in all natural foods and it has been used as a flavour enhancer for more than thousand years across the world. It is a multifunctional amino acid. Around 50g of glutamate is synthesised in the body and 20 to 40 g is obtained from the food every day. In the central nervous system glutamate is the dominant excitatory neurotransmitter as it regulates several neuronal related functions in the body. Human and animal studies indicate that glutamate is the major oxidative fuel for the gut and the dietary glutamate is extensively metabolised by the intestine.

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