Blood Pressure Level in Relation to Body Mass Index of Middle Aged Hypertensive Women


  • Govt. MLB Girls PG College, Department of Home Science, Indore, MP, India


The relationship between obesity and hypertension is well established both in adults and children. Obese individuals exhibit higher levels of ambulatory Blood Pressure (BP) from childhood to old age. Obese subjects display higher BP levels than non- obese individuals even in the normo tensive range. The combination of obesity, hypertension and other cardiovascular risk factors significantly increases the probability of adverse cardiovascular out-comes. Similarly Deshmukh, et al. concluded that, there was a significant positive correlation of obesity indicators with both systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Kim, et al . reported that obese males and females had similar profiles for developing metabolic syndrome components including hypertension, dyslipidemia and diabetes.

Subject Discipline


Full Text:


Kotsis, V., Stabouli, S., Bouldin, M., Low, A., Toumanidis, S. and Zakopoulos, N. Impact of obesity on 24-h ambulatory blood pressure and hypertension. Hypertension, 2005, 45, 602–607.

Stabouli, S., Kotsis, V., Papamichael, C., Constantopoulos, A., Zakopoulos, N. Adolescent obesity is associated with high ambulatory blood pressure and increased carotid intimal medial thickness. J. Ped., 2005, 147, 651–656.

Mancia, G., De Backer, G., Dominiczak, A., Zwieten, P., Waeber, B. and Williams, B., et al. Management of Arterial Hypertension of the European Society of Hypertension; European Society of Cardiology. Guidelines for the management of arterial hypertension: the task force for the management of arterial hypertension of the European Society of Hypertension (ESH) and of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). J. Hypertension, 2007, 1105–1187.

Deshmukh, P.R., Gupta, S.S., Dongre, A.R., Bharambe, M.S., Maliye, C., Kaur, S. and Garg, B.S. Relationship of anthropometric indicators with blood pressure levels in rural Wardha. Ind. J. Med. Res. [on the internet]. May 2006, 123(5), 657-64, Abstract only. Available from: http://

Kim, I.L.H., Chun, H. and Kwon, J.W. Gender differences in the effect of obesity on chronic diseases among the elderly Koreans. J. Korean Med. Sci., 2011, 26, 250–257.

Danon-Hersch, N., Chiolero, A., Shamlaye, C., Paccaud, F. and Bovet, P. Decreasing association between body mass index and blood pressure over time. Epidemiology [on the internet]. 2007, 18, 493-500, Abstract only. Available from:

WHO-ISH: The Guidelines Subcommittee. World Health Organization – International Society of Hypertension. Guidelines for the management of hypertension. J. Hypertension, 1999, 17, 151-183.

Perloff, D. Human blood pressure determination by sphygmomanometry. Circulation, 1993, 88, 2460-2470.

Quasem, I. Prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension among the elderly in Bangladesh and India: a multicentric study. Bulletin of WHO, 2001, 79, 490-500.

Hall, J.E., Hildebrandt, D.A., Kuo, J. Obesity hypertension: Role of leptin and sympathetic nervous system. Am. J. Hypertension, 2001, 14, S103–S115.

Thrift, A.G., Evans, R.G., Kalyanram, K., Kartik, K., Fitzgerald, S.M. and Srikanth, V. Gender – specific effects of caste and salt on hypertension in poverty: a population-based study. J. Hypertension, 2011, 29, 443 -450.

Barker, D.J. and Bagby, S.P. Developmental antecedents of cardiovascular disease: A historical perspective. J. Am. Soc. Nephrol., 2005, 16, 2537–2544.

Tonkiss, J., Trzcinska, M., Galler, J.R., Ruiz-Opazo, N. and Herrera, V.L. Prenatal malnutritioninduced changes in blood pressure: Dissociation of stress and nonstress responses using radiotelemetry. Hypertension, 1998, 32, 108–114.

Moritz, K.M., Singh, R.R., Probyn, M.E. and Denton, K.M. Developmental programming of a reduced nephron endowment: More than just a baby’s birth weight. Am. J. Physiol. Renal Physiol., 2009, 296, F1–F9.

Alexander, B.T. Fetal programming of hypertension. Am. J. Physiol. Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol., 2009, 290, R1–R10.

Todkar, S.S., Gujarathi, V.V. and Tapare, V.S. Period prevalence and socio-demographic factors of hypertension in rural Maharastra- A cross-sectional study. Ind. J. Comm. Med., 2009, 34, 183-187.

Mathur, P. Prevalence of essential hypertension in relation to diet and salt among different communities of Mumbai. Ind. J. Nutr. Dietet., 2004, 41, 215-222.

Shahbazpour, N. Prevalence of overweight and obesity and their relation to hypertension in adult male university students in Kerman, Iran. Int. J. Endocrinol. Metab., 2003, 2, 55-60.

Gus, M., Fuchs, S.C., Moreira, L.B., Moraes, R.S., Wiehe, M. and Silva, A.F. Association between different measurements of obesity and the incidence of hypertension. Am. J. Hypertension, 2004, 17, 50-53.

Wiecek, A., Kokot, F., Chudek, J. and Adamczak, M. The adipose tissue-a novel endocrine organ of interest to the nephrologists. Nephrol. Dial. Transplant., 2002, 17, 191–195.


  • There are currently no refbacks.