Defining Healthy Foods:A Review of Existing Nutrient Profiling Models


Affiliations

  • University of Delhi, Department Foods and Nutrition, Lady Irwin College, New Delhi, 110 001, India

Abstract

Dietary transition towards an increase in the consumption of energy dense foods, foods high in fat, sugar and salt have led to increased risk of diet related non-communicable diseases. The present study reviewed existing nutrient profiling models, developing were across various parts of the world. A total of 422 studies was identified and finally 33 studies were selected for this review. Papers spanned over a period of 1998-2018. Nutrient profile models rank foods according to healthfulness and were developed to help the consumer in making better food choices. They have also been used to regulate the marketing of food products to children. The objective of using the model determines the composition of the model, the nutrients incorporated, the cut offs used and choice of reference base. Studies have validated few of the existing nutrient profiling models. At present, there is no such universal nutrient profile model that can be applied across the globe.

Keywords

Nutrient Profiling, Dietary Transition, Healthy Eating, Food Choices, Nutritional Labelling, Public Health.

Full Text:

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