Shifting Dietary Patterns Contribute to the Risk of Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome among Urban Affluent Men in India


Affiliations

  • Agharkar Research Institute, Biometry and Nutrition Group, Pune, Maharashtra, 411 004, India

Abstract

The pertinent role of diet in the development of obesity and metabolic syndrome (MS) is evident among studies from developed countries, however scarce data is available from India that has a culturally unique diet pattern. Data on socio-economic background, dietary patterns, BMI, body fat, circumferences, skin folds and blood pressure were recorded on 302 affluent men (30-60 years) in a cross-sectional study in Pune, India. Fasting blood estimations were performed for glucose, insulin and lipids. The subjects were predominantly (70%) vegetarians with daily butter consumption at 50%, high consumption (> 4 times / week) of milk at 60.5% and > 2 times / week for milk products (36%), home-made fried snacks (35%), outside snacks (25.5%) and outside meals (32.2%). High consumption of home-made fried and sweet snacks, outside snacks and milk products showed significantly higher (p once/week) as compared to consumption of once or less per month, even after adjusting for BMI. It was thus evident that consuming foods high in unhealthy fats and sugar (> 2 times/week) increased the risk for both abdominal obesity and metabolic syndrome.

Keywords

Obesity, abdominal obesity, BMI, waist circumference, metabolic syndrome, dyslipidemia, diet, fried foods, outside snacks

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