Relationship of Body Mass Index and Bone Mineral Density in Adult Men


  • Punjab Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of Orthopedics, Jalandhar, Punjab, India
  • Punjab Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of Physiology, Jalandhar, Punjab, India


Background:Osteoporosis and Obesity are severe public health problems. Body weight and Body Mass Index (BMI) are considered strong predictors of osteoporotic fractures.

Objectives: The interest of several studies has been focused on women, but there are only few studies worldwide focused on this issue in men. The objective is to focus towards evaluation of Bone Mineral Density (BMD) in male population.

Material and Methods: The study was conducted on 400 men up to the age of 80 years. Subjects having history of diseases or drugs that might influence BMD were excluded from the study. Height (m) and weight (kg) were measured and BMI was calculated. Calcaneus bone was scanned for QUS to measure BMD. The diagnosis of Osteoporosis and Osteopenia were done according to WHO T- score criteria. The whole data was collected and statistically analyzed using Correlation Coefficients and Pearson's Chi Square test.

Results: Pearson's correlation analysis showed a negative correlation between age and BMD and between age and BMI, and a positive correlation between BMI and BMD. Pearson's chi square analysis showed that BMI had a highly significant association with BMD whereas age had a highly significant association with BMD.

Conclusions: Although the results show significant relationship between BMI and BMD, the negative relationship of age with BMI and BMD may serve as a guidance to initiate early assessment of BMD as preventive measure of osteoporosis and fractures among ageing men population.No abstract


Age, BMI, Osteoporosis, BMD, Men.

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