To Compare Sociodemographic Profile, Attitude, Coping Strategies and Psychiatric Morbidity among Rural and Urban Menopausal Women


Affiliations

  • Christian Medical College and Hospital, Department of Psychiatry, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
  • Guru Gobind Singh Medical College and Hospital, Department of Psychiatry, Faridkot, Punjab, India
  • Christian Medical College and Hospital, Preventive and Social Medicine, Ludhiana, Punjab, India

Abstract

Objective:In our study, 95 Urban and 56 rural populations of menopausal women were subjected to SCL 80 scale to determine psychiatric morbidity.

Material and Methods: Assessment was made using ATM scale, MRS scale and their coping strategies were noted. Data was statistically analyzed.

Results: The rural women were found to succumb 1.4 times more to physical and mental exhaustion after menopause than urban women (P<0.042). Percentage scores of the urban respondents were significantly more concerned how their husbands would feel about them after menopause (χ2 =8.35, p<0.004). Statistically significant (p<0.011) urban women (5.47) show more depressive symptoms than rural women (3.08) and statistically significant (p<0.019) urban (2.33) than rural women (1.25) had more of anger hostility symptoms.

Conclusion: Emotionally stable, literacy, medical knowledge about menopause, good social support was among predominant markers for positive outcome.


Keywords

SCL (Symptom Check List-80), ATM (Attitude Towards Menopause), Menopause Rating Scale (MRS), Coping Stratigies, Anger Hostility, Psychiatric Morbidity.

Subject Discipline

Psychiatry and Psychology

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