Politics in Institutions of Higher Learning: Issues and Challenges before Educational Leadership


Affiliations

  • IGNOU Regional Centre, Kohima, Nagaland, 797001, India

Abstract

Open & Distance Learning (ODL) and flexible approach to learning have become integral to the higher learning system globally. Flexible approach to learning is demanded by gradually increasing numbers of learners as well by the business and corporate communities (which want to develop skill and knowledge bases of their working staffs from time to time). Because of developments in educational and communication technologies, many countries are now increasingly adopting ODL system. The UK Open University (UKOU), one of the old and pioneering ODL Universities, is today reckoned as one of the best Universities in Europe. In India, we already have one National Open University i.e. Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) and 13 State Open Universities (SOUs), and various other Distance/Continuing Education Institutes/Directorate/Depts., National Open Schooling, etc. As per recommendation of Central Advisory Board on Education (CABE), every State is supposed to have a SOU. At present, about 25% of the enrolment in higher education in India is with the ODL system; the target is 40% by the end of 11th Five Year Plan. However, one of the most depressing features of the ODL system in India is the lack of student representative bodies. When we speak of student politics, it is almost absent in Indian ODL system. For the educational leadership, it is almost a non-issue. As such, various issues and policies that can adversely affect students’ interests (such as various kinds of student fees, student support and welfare services, etc.) are decided by the administrative authorities without any concern and voice of the students. There is lack of any organized student protest and opposition. Students do not feel that they are part of the institution. Leaders are also perhaps happy to see that they are not facing any student protest and opposition; they are not aware of the fact that if the students no longer consider themselves as part of their institutions then higher education can have serious problem. Students’ participation in the governance and functioning of the ODL institution is marked by pervasive passivity; there is lack of interest on the part of educational leaders to promote student civic and political activities. Student politics must be encouraged in the Institutions of Higher Learning.

Keywords

Educatonal Leadership, Politics, Democracy and Societal Issues.

Full Text:

References

Altbach, Philip G.2008. Beware of the trojan horse. The Hindu, July 15.

Astin, A. 1997. Student involvement: A development theory for higher education. In E. J. WHITT (Ed.) College student affairs administration. ASHE Reader Series: Simon & Schuster Custom Publishing.

Astin, Alexander.1995. What higher education can do in the cause of citizenship. The Chronicle of Higher Education, Oct. 6

Bateson, Rositsa, ajnd Taylor, John. 2004. Student involvement in university life - beyond political activism and university governance: A view from central and eastern Europe. European Journal of Education, 39(4): 471-483

Benson, J. Kenneth. 1975. The interorganizational network as a political economy. Administrative Science Quarterly, 20(2): 229-249

Bergan, Sjur. Student participation in higher education governance. http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/highereducation/Governance/SB_student_participation_EN.pdf

Bladh, Agneta Ch. Academic leadership in a turbulent higher education sector – what is needed? (Internet).

Boyte, Harry C.2003. Seeds of a different politics. The Good Society, 12(1): 70-73

Bulger, William M. 2005. Leadership in higher education. http://www.polisci.neu.edu /faculty_staff/faculty_research/symposia_related/documents/BulgerLeadership_in_Higher_Education.pdf

Cohen, Michel D., and March, James G. 1974. Leadership and ambiguity : The American College President. Boston, Mass: Harvard Business School Press.

Considine, Damien. 2004. University governance, corporations and cultures: The impact of corporate laws on the development of appropriate regulation, compliance and recognition of diverse university cultures. Proceedings of the Australian Universities Quality Forum. AUQA Occasional Publication.

Donahue, T. J. 2007. What is politics?. Working Paper, Version of 14 October. The Johns Hopkins University: Department of Political Science.tjdonahu.googlepages.com

Downs, Donald A. 2001. The politics of civil liberty on campus. Report No. 14(7). Wisconsin Policy Research Institute.

Duderstadf, James J. 2001. Leading higher education in an era of rapid change. Missouri: Midwestern Higher Education Commission.

Duignan, P. A., and Macpherson, R. J. S. 1993. Educative leadership: A practical theory. Educational Administration Quarterly, 29(1): 8-33.

Giroux, Henry A. 2006. Higher education under siege: Implications for public intellectuals. The NEA Higher Education Journal, Fall: 63-78.

Giroux, Henry A. The corporate university and the politics of education. http://www.mono grafias.com/trabajos29/corporate-university-politics-education/corporate-university-politics-education.shtml

Hanna, Donald E. 2003. Building a leadership vision: Eleven strategic challenges for higher education. EDUCAUSEreview, July/August: 25-34.

Hertz, David Bendel. 1958. Discussion: A note on the political economy of organization. Management Science, 5(1): 136-138.

Janc, Helen. A case study: Student political civic leadership development in a higher education co-ordinating board. http://www.collegevalues.org/pdfs/Janc.pdf

Kapu, Devesh, and Mehta, Pratap Bhanu. 2004. Indian higher education reform: From halfbaked socialism to half-baked capitalism. CID Working Paper No. 108. Center for International Development, Harvard University.

Kerr, Clark. 1963. The Uses of the University. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Kezar, Adrianna, and Kinzie, Jillian. 2006. Examining the ways institutions create student engagement: The role of mission. Journal of College Student Development, 47(2): 149-172.

Lombardi, John V., Craig, Diane D., Capaldi, Elizabeth D., and Gater, Denise S. 2002. University organization, governance, and competitiveness: The top American research universities. An Annual Report from The Lombardi Program on Measuring University Performance. The Center Long, Sarah E. 2002. The new student politics. The Wingspread Statement on Student Civic Engagement, Second Edition. Campus Compact.

March, James G., and Weiner, Stephen S.2003. Leadership blues. New Directions for Community Colleges, 123(Fall): 5-14.

National Knowledge Commission (NKC). 2006. Notes on higher education (official website).

Niekerk, Magdalena Maria van. 2005. Transformational leadership at a higher education institution. Dissertation, University of South Africa.

Plantan, Jr., Frank. 2002. Universities as cites of citizenship and civic responsibility. General Report: European Sites Study.

Press, Eval, and Washburn, Jennifer. 2000. The kept university. The Atlantic Monthly, March 20: 54.

Pusser, B. 2002. The political uses of the university. Review of Higher Education, 25(4): 459-467.

Pusser, Brian, and Ordorika, Imanol. Bringing political theory to university governance: The University of California and the Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico. http://www.ses.unam.mx/integrantes/ordorika/publicaciones/Handbook.pdf

Scott, W. Richard 1996. Professionals and complex organizations. In H. M. Vollmer and D. L. Mills (Eds.) Professionalization, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.

Senge, P. M. 1990. The leader’s network: Building learning organizations. Sloan Management Review, Fall: 7-22

Sitoula, Robin. 2007. Student politics in south Asia: Is Nepal next on the ‘banning’ list?. http://www.lysasia.org/details_expressions.php?id=22

Tsui, Lisa. 2000. Effect of campus culture on students’ critical thinking. The Review of Higher Education, 23(4): 421-441.

UGC. 1983. Report of UGC Committee on the Working of Central Universities.

Umunc, Himmet. University governance in the middle ages: A historical account. http://www.ide.hacettepe.edu.tr/University%20Governance%20in%20the%20Middle%20Ages.pdf

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). 1970. Meeting of experts on the participation of students in university governance. Final Report. Yugoslavia: Dubrovnik.

Volpe, Maria R., and Chandler, David. Resolving conflicts in institutions of higher education: Challenges for pracademics. bttp://law.gsu.edu/cncr/pdf/papers/99-2Volpepap.pdf

Waugh, Jr, William L. 1998. Conflicting values and cultures: The managerial threat to university governance. Policy Studies Review, Winter, 15(4): 61-73.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.